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Associationen mellan socioekonomiska faktorer och övervikt/fetma bland barn mellan 0 - 12 år: En litteraturöversikt
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Association between socioeconomic factors and overweight/obesity among children between 0 – 12 years : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inledning: Övervikt och fetma bland barn har de senaste 30 åren ökat över hela världen. Att barn utvecklar övervikt eller fetma har inte bara att göra med deras livsstil utan bakomliggande orsaker kan kopplas till föräldrars socioekonomiska status, SES (Folkhälsomyndigheten, 2017). SES kan beskrivas som ett samlingsbegrepp för utbildning, yrkesnivå och inkomst. Syftet med denna uppsats var att kartlägga associationen mellan socioekonomiska faktorer och övervikt/fetma bland barn mellan 0 – 12 år gamla.

Metod: Tio vetenskapliga artiklar valdes ut för denna litteraturöversikt. Ur dessa artiklar utkristalliserades fem olika teman som litteraturöversikten baserades på.

Resultat: Studien visade att det finns ett samband mellan SES och övervikt/fetma hos barn. Föräldrars utbildningsnivå, moderns vikt och tillgång till fysisk aktivitet och även Tv-vanor kan kopplas till SES som anses som riskfaktorer gällande övervikt/fetma.

Diskussion: Resultaten från artiklarna visar att förekomsten av samhälleliga, ekonomiska och miljömässiga determinanter påverkar livsstil. Samhällets beslutsfattare har ett ansvar att underlätta individers beslutsprocesser kring hälsosamma val, då är det viktigt att samhällets olika aktörer är inblandade i den övergripande strävan att främja hälsan.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Overweight and obesity among children have increased worldwide over the last 30 years. The fact that children develop overweight and obesity isn’t only related to lifestyle, but an underlying cause can be linked to parents’ socioeconomic status, SES (Folkhälsomyndigheten, 2017). SES can be described as a collective term for educational and occupational level as well as income. The purpose of this thesis was to map the relationship between socioeconomic factors and overweight/obesity among children between 0 – 12 years old.

Method: Ten scientific articles were selected for this literature review. From these articles, five themes emerged which outlined the base for this literature review.

Results: The studies showed that a connection between SES and overweight/obesity in children exists. The parents’ educational level, the weight of the mother, access to physical activity and also TV viewing habits can be linked to SES and considered as risk factors for overweight and obesity.

Discussion: The results from the articles show that the existence of societal, economic and environmental determinants affect lifestyle. Society’s decision makers have a responsibility to facilitate individuals’ decision-making processes regarding health choices, therefore it’s important that society’s various actors are involved in the overall endeavor to promote health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
Children, socioeconomic status, overweight, obesity, health/risk factors
Keywords [sv]
Barn, socioekonomisk status, övervikt, fetma, frisk/riskfaktorer
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15823OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15823DiVA, id: diva2:1223725
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Health Coach
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-26 Created: 2018-06-25 Last updated: 2018-06-26Bibliographically approved

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