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Preventing fatal effects of overworking: Product design solution
University of Skövde, School of Engineering Science.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

“Overworking to death” is a phenomenon that has been noticeable in developing countries. The cause of death is mainly through ischemic strokes. While the victims’ occupations differed, they all shared a common characteristic, being positioned in a sedentary work, ranging from IT workers to doctors. This project’s aim was to develop a product that prevented or decreased the strokes that derived from sedentary overwork. This was mainly tackled by preventing one of the three causes of developing blood props, slowed blood flow. In order to gather rich data of the phenomenon, a qualitative study was conducted in China, during two months. By doing an extensive structured sampling, information rich data could be gathered during a short period of time. Data were derived from observations, questionnaires and an interview, which then was interpreted to customer needs and the final product specification. The final product became a trouser with an in built dynamic compression mechanic, that can compress the veins mostly during sitting activities, in order to prevent blood stasis. The compression mechanic works like the Chinese finger trap; compressing the calves while sitting and stretching the legs forward. It is made only out of polysaccharides fibres; cotton and corn.

Abstract [sv]

"Guolaosi" eller död från överarbete är ett fenomen som i regel uppkommer bland utvecklingsländer. Dödsorsaken är huvudsakligen genom stroke. Offrens yrken varierar allt från professorer, IT-arbetare till läkare. De delar dock en sak gemensamt; att arbeta under långa perioder stillasittande. Projektets mål var att utveckla en produkt som minskar dödliga följderna av sedentära överarbete, genom att förebygga en av de tre orsakerna för att utveckla blodproppar; saktad blodström. Målgruppen var då kineser av de yrken som hade tidigare drabbats av fenomenet. För att samla informationsrika data om fenomenet genomfördes en kvalitativ studie i Kina under två månader. Genom att göra en omfattande strukturerad provtagning kunde informationsrika data samlas under en kort tidsperiod. Fältstudien bestod av observationer, frågeformulär och en intervju, som då tolkades till kundbehov och eventuellt produktspecifikationen. Den slutliga produkten kom att bli ett par byxor med en inbyggd dynamisk komprimeringsmekanism, som kan komprimera venerna under sittande aktiviteter, för att förhindra saktad blodström. Kompressionsmekanismen fungerar som den kinesiska fingerfällan. Den komprimerar blodkärlen medan personen sitter och sträcker benen framåt. Produkten är konstruerad på så sätt att den kan tillverkas endast av polysackariders tråd, från bomull och majs. Vilket är lämpligt för Kinas lokala resurser.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 84
Keywords [en]
stroke, DVT, overworking, karoshi, guolaosi, prolonged, inactivity, sedentary, death, product, design, China, Sweden, Sida, MFS, field study, trouser, pants, sampling, observation, questionnaire, interview, blood circulation, stasis, cardiovascular, disease, cotton, corn, agenda 2030, Chinese finger trap, textile, fibre, yarn, soil, erosion, muscle, pump, mechanism, gradual, compression, stockings, GECS, PECS, pressure, distribution, blood, clot, veins, therapy, stool, chair, PE, PTS, economy, class, syndrome, methodology, plastic, sample, concept, sketch
Keywords [sv]
stroke, DVT, överarbete, karoshi, guolaosi, förlängd, inaktivitet, stillasittande, död, produkt, design, Kina, Sverige, Sida, MFS, fältstudie, byxa, byxor, provtagning, observation, frågeformulär, intervju, blodcirkulation, stasis, kardiovaskulär, sjukdom, bomull, majs, agenda 2030, kinesisk fingerfälla, textil, fiber, garn, jord erosion, muskel, pump, mekanism, gradvis, komprimering, strumpor, stödstrumpa, tryck, kraft, GECS, PECS tryckfördelning, blod, blodproppar, vener, terapi, pall, stol, PE, PTS, ekonomi, klass, syndrom, metodik, plast, prov, koncept, skiss
National Category
Design Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Pharmacology and Toxicology Occupational Therapy Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems Environmental Sciences Medical Ergonomics Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials Composite Science and Engineering Medical Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15473OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15473DiVA, id: diva2:1215753
Subject / course
Product Design Engineering; Product Design Engineering
Educational program
Product Design Engineer; Product Design Engineer
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-11 Created: 2018-06-09 Last updated: 2018-06-11Bibliographically approved

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PREVENTING FATAL EFFECTS OF OVERWORKING – PRODUCT DESIGN SOLUTION / Rahim_Adawi(55752 kB)29 downloads
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Citation style
  • apa
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