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Självmordsprevention i skolan: En litteraturöversikt om skolbaserade metoder för att förebygga självmord
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Suicide prevention in school : A literature review on school-based methods to prevent suicide (English)
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: I Sverige tar 1500 människor sitt liv varje år, en tiondel av dem tillhör gruppen unga. Regeringen menar att unga bör prioriteras i arbetet mot självmord och Folkhälsomyndigheten arbetar för att motverka självmord. Syftet med litteraturöversikten var att beskriva möjligheten att med skolbaserade interventioner förebygga självmord bland ungdomar 14-19 år. 

Metod: Metoden som använts är systematisk litteraturöversikt. Artiklar har sökts i Pubmed och har systematiskt analyserats och bearbetats för att ge en relevant bas till studien. Femton vetenskapliga artiklar har använts som grund till resultatet.

Resultat: Artiklarna genererade tre teman: screening, gatekeeper-program och utbildning för elever. Screening används för att identifiera elever i riskzonen för självmord och remittera dem vidare för vård..Gatekeeper-program innebär att lärare, skolpersonal och/eller elever utbildas i att identifiera elever som mår psykiskt dåligt. Utbildning syftar  till att öka elevers hälsolitteracitet..

Diskussion: Regeringen har slagit fast i en proposition att unga bör vara av prioritet i folkhälsoarbetet mot självmord men det finns inom Folkhälsomyndighetens åtgärdsområden ingen direkt fokus på unga människor. Litteraturöversikten visar att utbildning för elever kan reducera självmordstalen bland unga människor,och liknande litteraturöversikter visar att en kombination av olika program kan vara effektivt. Därför föreslås att utbildningsprogram används för att förebygga självmord bland unga.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: In Sweden, 1500 people take their lives every year, one tenth of them belonging to the group of young people. The government believes that young people should be prioritized in suicide prevention efforts and the Public Health Agency is working to counter suicide. The purpose of the literature review was to describe the possibility of preventing suicide among young people aged 14-19 years with school-based interventions. 

Method: The method used is systematic literature review. Articles have been searched in Pubmed and have been systematically analyzed and processed to provide a relevant base for the study. Fifteen scientific articles have been used as the basis for the result. 

Results: The articles generated three themes: screening, gatekeeper programs and education for students. Screening is used to identify students at risk of suicide and to refer them further for care. The gatekeeper program means that teachers, school staff and / or students are trained to identify students who are mentally ill. Education aims to increase students' health capacity. 

Discussion: The government has stated in a proposition that young people should be a priority in public health work against suicide, but there is no direct focus on young people in the area of ​​public health authorities. The literature review shows that education for students can reduce suicide among young people, and similar literature reviews show that a combination of different programs can be effective. Therefore, it is proposed that education programs be used to prevent suicide among young people

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 27
Keywords [sv]
självmord, skola, självmordsprevention, ungdomar, depression
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15424OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15424DiVA, id: diva2:1215199
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Public Health Sciences
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-11 Created: 2018-06-07 Last updated: 2018-06-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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