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Skyddsfaktorer som påverkar psykisk hälsa och välbefinnande hos ensamkommande barn: En litteraturstudie
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Protective factors which impact on the mental health and well being of unaccompanied children : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Antalet ensamkommande barn som söker asyl i Europa har ökat de senaste decennier och nådde sin topp hittills år 2015 med 90 000 ensamkommande asylsökande av vilka 35 000 kom till Sverige. Ensamkommande som flydde krig, konflikter och fattigdom. Den långdragna asylprocessen, tillfälliga uppehållstillstånd och tidigare trauman ökar risken av att bland annat drabbas av depression och PTSD. Trots det finns det ensamkommande barn som lyckas motstå olika påfrestningar. Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats var att belysa skyddsfaktorer som främjar psykisk hälsa och välbefinnande hos ensamkommande barn. Metod: Denna studie är en systematisk litteraturstudie där 16 vetenskapliga artiklar har ingått i analysen. Resultat: Fyra teman identifierades som skyddsfaktorer; Socialt stöd, motivation, religion och distraktion. Socialt stöd visade sig vara bland det viktigaste skyddsfaktor för ensamkommande barns psykisk hälsa och välbefinnande. Diskussion: Resultatet av denna studie visade att ensamkommande trots svårigheter som de har genomgått, har styrkor och strategier som hjälper dem att gå vidare och kämpa i sina liv. Studien visade även vikten av att skapa trygga relationer och att få stöd av förtroende personer i ensamkommande barns omgivning. Denna studie kan med fördel förse aktörer som direkt eller indirekt berör ensamkommande barns situation, med kunskap och förståelse vilket kan förhoppningsvis bidra till ökad mental hälsa och välbefinnande hos ensamkommande barn.

Abstract [en]

Background: The number of unaccompanied children seeking asylum in Europe has increased over the last decades and reached their peak so far in 2015 with 90,000 unaccompanied asylum seekers, of whom 35,000 came to Sweden. Unaccompanied children, who fled request asylum because war, conflict and poverty. The prolonged asylum process, temporary residence and previous trauma increase the risk of depression and PTSD. Even so, there are unaccompanied children who manage to do well in very difficult circumstances. Aim: The purpose of this paper was to highlight protection factors that promote mental health and well-being of unaccompanied children. Method: This study is a systematic literature review and 16 scientific articles have been included in the analysis. Results: Four themes were identified as protection factors; Social support, motivation, religion and distraction. Social support proved to be among the important protection factor for the mental health and well-being of unaccompanied children. Discussion: The outcome of this study showed that unaccompanied children in spite of the difficulties they have undergone, have strengths and strategies that help them to new circumstances. The study also demonstrated the importance of creating secure relationships and obtaining support from trusted persons in unaccompanied children's surroundings. This study can advantageously provide actors who directly or indirectly work with unaccompanied children, with knowledge and understanding which can hopefully contribute to increased mental health and well-being of this vulnerable group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 33
Keywords [en]
unaccompanied, refugee, children, mental health, protection factors
Keywords [sv]
ensamkommande, flykting, barn, psykisk hälsa, skyddsfaktorer
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15381OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15381DiVA, id: diva2:1214580
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Public Health Sciences
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-14 Created: 2018-06-07 Last updated: 2018-06-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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