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Alkoholintag hos tonåringar: Riskfaktorer och konsekvenser för hälsan och effekter av interventioner
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Alcohol intake in teenagers : Risk factors and health consequences for health and effects of interventions (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inledning: I Sverige liksom i andra västländer är alkohol det berusningsmedel som brukas i störst utsträckning. Alkoholintag bland ungdomar som är på en skadlig nivå är i flertalet länder ett problem på hög nivå. Syfte: Att identifiera faktorer som är associerade till alkoholkonsumtion hos tonåringar, och identifiera faktorer som är associerade med effektiva alkoholpreventiva program för den här gruppen. Metod: En systematisk litteraturstudie, där datamaterialet bestod av 15 peer reviewed granskade vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultat: Tre tema identifierades; Determinanter/riskfaktorer för hög alkoholkonsumtion, konsekvenser av ett högt alkoholintag och effekter av prevention/interventioner där riskfaktorer som alkoholreklam redovisas och alkoholkonsumtionens negativa hälsopåverkan samt att preventionsprogram riktade till föräldrar och tonåringar kan minska alkoholkonsumtionen. Slutsats: Studierna visar att riskfaktorer såsom högt alkoholintag hos föräldrar resulterar i ett högre alkoholintag hos tonåringar. Det finns ett behov av preventiva åtgärder för att minska alkoholintaget och hälsorisker hos tonåringar.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: In Sweden as well as in other western countries, alcohol is the most widely used intoxicant. Alcohol intake among young people at a harmful level is a high level problem in most countries. Purpose: To identify factors associated with alcohol use in teenagers, and to identify factors associated with effective alcohol use prevention programs for this group. Method: A systematic literature review, where the data consisted of 15 peer reviewed scientific articles. Result: Three themes were identified; Determinants/risk factors for high alcohol consumption, consequences of high alcohol intake and effects of prevention/interventions where risk factors such as alcohol advertising are reported and the negative health impact of alcohol consumption, and that prevention programs aimed at parents and teens can reduce alcohol consumption. Teenagers with high alcohol consumption show psychological disorder. Conclusion: The studies shows that risk factors such as parents alcohol intake results in higher alcohol intakes in teenagers. There is a need for preventive measures to reduce alcohol intake and health risks in teenagers’ health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 34
Keywords [en]
teenage, adolescents, alcohol intake, health, intervention
Keywords [sv]
tonåringar, ungdomar, alkoholintag, hälsa, intervention
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15296OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15296DiVA, id: diva2:1213475
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Public Health Sciences
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-13 Created: 2018-06-04 Last updated: 2018-08-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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Output format
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