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"No action today, no cure tomorrow": Riskfaktorer associerade med samhällsförvärvad meticillinresistent staphylococcus aureus – en litteraturstudie
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
"No action today, no cure tomorrow" : Risk factors associated with community acquired methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus – a literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inledning: Antibiotikaresistens är ett av de största hoten mot global folkhälsa. Meticillinresistent Staphylococcus aureus, tidigare främst associerat med sjukhusvård, överförs nu mellan individer i samhället (samhällsförvärvad meticillinresistent staphylococcus aureus). Att identifiera riskfaktorer är centralt för att kunna bedriva effektivt preventivt arbete mot smittöverföring.

Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen var att identifiera och beskriva riskfaktorer associerade med förekomst av samhällsförvärvad meticillinresistent staphylococcus aureus.

Metod: Litteraturstudie baserad på 20 internationella artiklar. Huvudfynden i artiklarna kategoriserades i teman.

Resultat: Riskfaktorer på samhälls-, hushålls- och individnivå kunde identifieras, bland annat rörande klimat, tidigare antibiotikaanvändning och samsjuklighet. 

Diskussion: Ett fåtal enkelt påverkbara riskfaktorer kunde identifieras. Av de identifierade riskfaktorerna är troligen inte alla generaliserbara till en svensk kontext. I flera tidigare studier framhålls att samhällsförvärvad meticillinresistent staphylococcus aureus främst drabbar individer som sedan tidigare är friska, vilket fynden i föreliggande uppsats delvis motsäger då samsjuklighet i exempelvis HIV, diabetes och fetma identifierades som riskfaktorer associerade med samhällsförvärvad meticillinresistent staphylococcus aureus.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Antibiotic resistance a threat to global public health. Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus, previously primarily associated with hospital care, is now being transmitted in the community (community acquired methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus). Identifying risk factors is central to enable effective preventive efforts against transmission of community acquired methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus.  

Aim: The aim of this essay was to identify and describe risk factors associated with occurrence of community acquired methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus.   

Methods: Literature study based on 20 international studies. The main results from the articles were categorized into themes.

Results: Risk factors at community-, household- and individual level could be identified, for instance concerning climate, previous antibiotic treatment and comorbidity.

Discussion: A few easily affectable risk factors could be identified. Perhaps not all of the identified risk factors are generalizable to a Swedish context. Previous research demonstrates that community acquired methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus usually affects healthy individuals, which the findings in this essay partly contradict: comorbidity, for instance with HIV, diabetes or obesity, is a risk factor associated with community acquired methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 35
Keywords [en]
antibiotic resistance, community acquired methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus, prevention, public health, risk factors
Keywords [sv]
antibiotikaresistens, folkhälsa, prevention, riskfaktor, samhällsförvärvad meticillinresistent staphylococcus aureus
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15284OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15284DiVA, id: diva2:1213218
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Public Health Sciences
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-13 Created: 2018-06-04 Last updated: 2018-06-13Bibliographically approved

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