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Aktivitetsnivå och kostvanor bland barn och ungdomar: En enkätstudie i Västsverige
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Activity level and nutrition habits among children and adolescent : A survey study in West Sweden (English)
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Barn i Sverige har generellt sett en god hälsa (Heinemans et al., 2013). Det är dock oroande att barn och ungdomar blir mindre fysiskt aktiva (Berg, 2008). Barn och ungdomar har i genomsnitt ett högre intag av energitäta och näringsfattiga livsmedel samt ett lägre intag av frukt och grönsaker (Warensjö Lemming et al., 2018). Syfte: Att kartlägga aktivitetsnivån och kostvanor hos barn och ungdomar i årskurs 6-9. Metod: Studiens design är tvärsnittsstudie som mäter aspekter av hälsa och kost genom en enkät. En skola i Västra Götalands län med årskurs 6 till 9 (n=492) utgjorde studiepopulationen och två klasser i varje årskurs valdes slumpmässigt ut (n=187). Resultat: Respondenternas aktivitetsmönster visar att 83,3 procent deltog i skolidrotten varje gång och att vara fysiskt aktiv på rasten minskar med åldern. Att äta frukost varje dag gjorde 58,7 procent av respondenterna, 78,7 procent åt lunch och 69,3 procent åt middag/kvällsmat varje dag. Slutsats: Den här studien har identifierat flera områden där hälsoförbättringar kan göras, vilka beskrivs i den här rapporten.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Children in Sweden have, in general, good health (Heinemans et al., 2013). There is a concern, however, that children and adolescents are becoming less physically active (Berg, 2008). On average, children and adolescents have higher intakes of energy-rich, less nutritional food and lower intakes of fruits and vegetables than is recommended (Warensjö Lemming et al., 2018). Aim: To chart the activity level and dietary habits of children and adolescents in grades 6-9. Method: The study design is a Cross-sectional study, measuring aspect of health and nutrition through a survey. A school in Västra Götaland County with grades 6 to 9 (n = 492) was the study setting, and two classes in each year were chosen to participate in the survey (n = 187). Results: Respondents' activity patterns show that 83.3 percent participated regularly in physical activity classes and were physically active during recesses. Eating breakfast every day was a habit of 58.7 percent of respondents, while 78.7 percent reported eating lunch and 69.3 percent reported eating for dinner / supper each day. Conclusion: This study has identified multiple areas where health improvements can be made, which are described in this report. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 40
Keywords [en]
activity level, physical activity, dietary habits, food, children, adolescent
Keywords [sv]
aktivitetsnivå, fysisk aktivitet, kostvanor, mat, barn, ungdomar
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15222OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15222DiVA, id: diva2:1212025
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Public Health Sciences
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-01 Created: 2018-06-01 Last updated: 2018-06-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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