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Upplevelser av att leva med hemodialys vid kronisk njursvikt: Ett patientperspektiv
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experiences of living with haemodialysis with chronic kidney disease : A patient perspective (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Kronisk njursvikt är ett tillstånd som i senare stadium kräver dialysbehandling. Hemodialys är den mest förekommande typen av dialysbehandling och den sker vanligtvis på en sjukhusavdelning. Hemodialys medför olika komplikationer och biverkningar som kan upplevas jobbiga för patienten. Utöver biverkningar får patienten också vätske- och dietrestriktioner. Dessa faktorer påverkar patiens dagliga liv. Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva patienters upplevelser av att leva med hemodialys vid kronisk njursvikt. Metod: Metoden som använts är en litteraturbaserad studie. Resultat: Resultatet presenteras genom tre huvudkategorier. Patienter beskriver skilda upplevelser av hur hemodialys påverkas kroppen, både till det positiva och negativa. Under behandling uppkommer existentiella tankar och känslor som relaterar till den egna dödligheten. Patienter beskriver att de söker stöd hos både anhöriga och hos vårdpersonal men att det kan vara svårt att diskutera existentiella tankar. Konklusion: Hemodialysbehandlingen har en begränsand effekt på patienters liv, de upplever en ökad känsla av ensamhet. En central faktor för att patienter ska kunna finna stöd är att de känner tillit och trygghet i personalen som vårdar dem.  

Abstract [en]

Background: Chronic kidney disease in later stages demands dialysis-treatment. Haemodialysis is the most common type of dialysis and is usually performed at a hospital ward. Haemodialysis brings different complications and side effects that can be perceived tough for patients. Beyond the side effects the patients also receives fluid and diet restrictions. These factors affects the patient’s everyday life. Aim: The aim is to describe patients, with chronic kidney disease, experiences of living with haemodialysis. Method: The method of choice is a literature-based study. Result: The result is presented in three main categories. Patients describes different experiences of how haemodialysis affects the body, both positive and negative. During the treatment different existential thoughts and feelings related to the own mortality appears. Patients describes that they seek support with both related and health personnel but that it can be tough to talk about existential thoughts. Conclusion: Haemodialysis treatment had a limiting effect on patient’s life, they experience an increased feeling of loneliness. A central factor for patients to be able to find support was that they feel reliance and trust in health personnel.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 20
Keywords [en]
chronic kidney disease, experience, fatigue, haemodialysis, patient
Keywords [sv]
fatigue, hemodialys, kronisk njursvikt, patient, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15137OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15137DiVA, id: diva2:1204656
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-05-17 Created: 2018-05-08 Last updated: 2018-05-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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