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Att vårda patienter med malnutrition: En litteraturöversikt
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. Miss.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To care for patients with malnutrition : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Malnutrition innebär en obalans mellan näring och energi som går till vävnaderna och det befintliga behovet. Med åldern ändras de fysiologiska funktionerna i kroppen som har en betydelse för intaget av mat och vätska. Malnutrition kan medföra multipla konsekvenser för de äldre såsom ökad fallrisk, reducerad livskvalité, ökad sjukhusvård och dödlighet. Sjuksköterskan har inom äldrevården en essentiell roll för att bedöma, planera och införa åtgärder gällande den äldres närings- och vätskeintag. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter med malnutriton. Metod: En litteraturöversikt där datamaterialet bestod av åtta kvalitativa artiklar och en kvantitativ artikel. Resultat: Fem områden identifieras; kunskap genom utbildning, samarbete med olika professioner, sjuksköterskors arbetsmiljö, dialog vid anamnestagning och användning av bedömningsinstrument. Konklusion: Det finns ett behov av utökad kunskap vid vård av patienter med malnutrition eftersom ökad kunskap medför mindre osäkerhet för sjuksköterskan.

Abstract [en]

Background: Malnutrition means an imbalance between nutrition and energy that goes to the bodytissues and the existing need. With age, the physiological functions of the body change which have a bearing on the intake of food and fluid. Malnutrition can cause multiple consequences for the elderly, such as increased fall risk, reduced quality of life, increased hospitalization and mortality. The nurse has an essential role in the field of elderly care to assess, plan and implement measures regarding the nutrient and fluid intake of the elderly. Aim: The aim was to describe nurses experiences when it comes to nursing patients with malnutrition. Method: A literature review where data material consisted qualitative and quantitative article. Results: Five areas identified; knowledge by education, cooperation with different professions, nurses' work environment, dialogue for anamnesis and the use of assessment instrument. Conclusion: There is a need for increased knowledge in the care of patients with malnutrition because increased knowledge leads to less insecurity for the nurse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
elderly, knowledge, malnutrition, nurse, nursing home
Keywords [sv]
kunskap, malnutrition, sjuksköterska, särskilt boende, äldre
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15086OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15086DiVA, id: diva2:1199251
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-04-26 Created: 2018-04-19 Last updated: 2018-04-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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