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Kvinnors upplevda sexuella hälsa efter bröstcancer: En litteraturöversikt
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Experienced sexual health among women with breast cancer : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Över en miljon kvinnor världen över drabbas årligen av bröstcancer. I Sverige beräknas det till över sju tusen fall årligen. Behandlingen i form av kirurgi, hormonell behandling och cytostatika är påfrestande för kroppen och kan förändra kvinnans kroppsuppfattning och kan påverka sexuell hälsa. Syfte: Att beskriva hur kvinnor upplever sexuell hälsa av uppkomna symtom vid behandling av bröstcancer. Metod: Studien är en litteraturstudie där 15 artiklar sammanfattats till ett resultat. Resultat: Behandling av bröstcancer påverkar kvinnans upplevelse av sin kropp som mindre feminin och mindre attraktiv. Svårigheter så som torra slemhinnor i vagina och därmed smärta vid samlag och minskad sexuell lust är andra upplevda hälsofaktorer som påverkats. Att samtala om sina problem inom sexuell hälsa med vårdgivare är svårt och upplevs inte prioriterat av sjukvården. Diskussion: Kommunikation angående sexuell hälsa ingår i sjuksköterskans uppgift, men brister information mellan olika vårdgivare anser kvinnor att det är svårt att ta upp sina sexuella problem på nytt. Kvinnans upplevelse av att vara mindre attraktiv relaterat till mastektomi anses bero på det kroppsideal som finns i samhället. Vidare diskuteras det om smärta i vagina har med biverkning av cancerbehandling att göra eller om det beror på kvinnans känsla av att de måste tillfredsställa sin partners sexuella behov som skapar minskad lust och upphetsning. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Over one million women worldwide are diagnosed with breast cancer every year. In Sweden, the disease is estimated to reach over seven thousand. The treatment includes surgery, hormones and cytostatic witch is strenuous and can change the woman’s body image and their sexual health. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe experienced sexual health from resulting symptoms among women with breast cancer treatment. Method: The study is a literature study where 15 articles were summarized in the result. Result: Breast cancer treatment affected the woman's experience of her body as less feminine and less attractive. Difficulties such as dry vaginal mucous membranes, pain during intercourse and decreased sexual desire are other experienced health factors that have been affected. Talking about their sexual health problems with healthcare providers was difficult and they feel that it’s not a priority for health care. Discussion: Communication on sexual health is part of the nurse's task. Information between healthcare providers is missing and the woman considers it difficult to re-address her sexual problems. The woman's experience of being less attractive related to breast reduction considered be created by the ideal women in society. Furthermore, the discuss is about if pain in the vagina is a side effect to treatment or is it the feeling that they must satisfy their partners sexual needs who creates reduced libido and excitement. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 19
Keyword [en]
breast cancer, experience, sexual health, sexuality, women
Keyword [sv]
bröstcancer, kvinnor, sexualitet, sexuell hälsa, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15085OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15085DiVA, id: diva2:1198898
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-04-20 Created: 2018-04-19 Last updated: 2018-04-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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