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Geographical differences in semen characteristics of 13 892 infertile men
Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
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2018 (English)In: Arab Journal of Urology, ISSN 2090-598X, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 3-9Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To assess the relationship between geographical differences and all semen parameters, across 13,892 infertile men of 84 diverse nationalities, recruited at a specialised tertiary hospital that represents the main healthcare provider in Qatar. Male infertility is an important and global public health problem. Despite this, there is a significant scarcity of epidemiological male infertility and semen analysis research in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, as well as geographical comparisons with other parts of the world. Patients and methods: Retrospective study of semen findings of 13 892 infertile men assessed at the Male Infertility Unit at Hamad Medical Corporation, in Qatar between January 2012 and August 2015. Based on country of origin, patients were categorised into those from the MENA region (n = 8799) and non-MENA patients (n = 5093). The two groups were compared across demographic features and semen characteristics: age, sperm volume, sperm total motility, sperm progressive motility (PMot), abnormal sperm forms (ABF), and sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF). Results: The whole sample's mean (SD) age was 35.7 (0.7) years, sperm concentration was 32.3 (0.25) × 106 sperm/mL, total motility was 45.4 (0.2)%, sperm PMot was 25.1 (0.2)%, and ABF was 79.9 (0.2)%. Overall, 841 patients had azoospermia (6.05%), 3231 had oligospermia (23.3%), 4239 had asthenospermia (30.5%) and 6772 had teratospermia (48.7%). SDF (1050 patients) was abnormal in 333 patients (31.7%). MENA patients were significantly younger than their non-MENA counterparts and had a greater semen volume. Non-MENA patients had significantly higher sperm counts, total motility and PMot, and lower ABF. SDF showed no statistical difference between the two groups. MENA patients had significantly higher prevalence of oligospermia, asthenospermia, and teratospermia; and lower prevalence of normal sperm concentration, normal motility, and normal morphology. Throughout the 4 years of the study, MENA patients constantly had significantly lower sperm counts; generally lower sperm total motility percentage and generally lower quality sperm morphology. We compared patients by age (≤40 and >40 years): in the patients aged ≤40 years, the same results as for the overall study were reproduced; in the >40-years group, the same results were reproduced with the exception of morphology, which was not significantly different between the MENA and non-MENA patients. Conclusion: Semen quality is generally lower in male infertility patients from the MENA region compared to non-MENA regions. © 2018 Arab Association of Urology

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Arab Association of Urology , 2018. Vol. 16, no 1, p. 3-9
Keywords [en]
Male infertility, MENA, Semen quality, Sperm DNA fragmentation
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14979DOI: 10.1016/j.aju.2017.11.018ISI: 000427446800002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85041627617OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-14979DiVA, id: diva2:1192830
Available from: 2018-03-23 Created: 2018-03-23 Last updated: 2018-04-20Bibliographically approved

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El Ansari, Walid

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CiteExportLink to record
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