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Epidemiology of medication overuse headache in the general Swedish population
University of Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4616-9525
University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
University of Gothenburg, Sweden / Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway / St. Olavs University Hospital, Norway.
2011 (English)In: Cephalalgia, ISSN 0333-1024, E-ISSN 1468-2982, Vol. 31, no 9, p. 1015-1022Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIMS: The aim was to estimate the prevalence of medication overuse headache (MOH) in Sweden and to analyze the occurrence of this disorder in different population groups.

METHODS: A total of 44,300 randomly selected individuals (55% women), aged 15 years and above, were interviewed in a national telephone survey, using a standardized questionnaire including the International Headache Society criteria for MOH and questions about sociodemographic factors, headache history and medication use.

RESULTS: In Sweden, 3.2% (95% confidence interval (CI) 3.1-3.4), n = 1428) suffer from chronic daily headache (CDH) and out of those, 56% (n = 799) have MOH. The prevalence of MOH is 1.8% (95% CI 1.7-1.9). The mean age of onset was higher among men than women as well as among those with tension-type headache as primary headache compared to those who originally had migraine. A multivariate analysis showed that socioeconomic factors such as having a low level of education and/or a low household income were associated with MOH.

CONCLUSIONS: This is the first Swedish population-based study of MOH and we conclude that MOH is a significant public health problem in Sweden, as it is in other parts of the world.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 31, no 9, p. 1015-1022
Keyword [en]
Chronic daily headache, epidemiology, medication overuse headache, prevalence, socioeconomic status
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14629DOI: 10.1177/0333102411410082ISI: 000292842600007PubMedID: 21628444Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-80051969471OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-14629DiVA, id: diva2:1171070
Available from: 2018-01-05 Created: 2018-01-05 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved

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