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Hjälp mig, Hjälp mig!: Vårdpersonals upplevelse av att vårda patienter med demenssjukdom
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Help me, Help me! : Health Professionals Experience of Caring for Patients with Dementia (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Antalet personer som drabbas av demenssjukdom förväntas öka i takt med att populationens livslängd blir allt längre. Demenssjukdomar skapar förändringar i hjärnan som gör att patienterna har svårigheter att samtala, tolka sin verklighet och minnessvårigheter. Vårdpersonalen förväntas ge en god och säker omvårdnad till varje enskild patient. Delaktighet anses vara en grundförutsättning för den personcentrerade vården, där vårdpersonalen har en viktig uppgift i att göra patienterna delaktiga genom att ge vård som är tillrättalagd efter patientens specifika behov. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva vårdpersonals upplevelser av att vårda patienter med demenssjukdomar. Metod: En litteraturöversikt med kvalitativ ansats baserad på tolv vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultat: Ur analysen framkom fyra teman och fjorton underteman. Huvudtemana var: Kommunikation – en utmaning för vårdpersonal, Andliga och existentiella frågor – en utmaning för vårdpersonal, Kunskap och erfarenhet bygger bra vårdpersonal, och Den känslomässiga vårdpersonalen. Konklusion: Kommunikationsproblem, tidsbrist och brist på utbildning leder till att vårdpersonalen känner en känsla av otillräcklighet i samband med vården av patienter med demenssjukdom. Vårdpersonalens välbefinnande förbättras genom att de känner stöd från kollegor, chefer och ett öppet arbetsklimat.

Abstract [en]

Background: The number of people afflicted with dementia is expected to increase due to the longer life expectancy of the population. Dementias create changes in the brain causing the patients to have difficulties speaking, interpreting their reality and remembering. Health professionals are expected to provide each patient with good and safe care. Involvement is considered a prerequisite for the person-centred care, where the nurses have an important task in making the patients involved by providing care personalised after the patients’ specific needs. Aim: The aim was to describe health professionals’ experiences of caring for patients with dementia. Method: A literature review with a qualitative approach based on twelve scientific articles. Results: From the analysis four main themes and fourteen subthemes emerged. The main themes were: Communication – A Challenge for Health Professionals, Spiritual and Existential Questions – A Challenge for Health Professionals, Knowledge and Experience Makes Good Health Professionals, Anxiety of Prioritising and The Emotional Health Professionals. Conclusion: Communication problems, lack of time and lack of education leads to nurses having a feeling of insufficiency regarding their care of patients with dementia. The nurses’ well-being is improved by them feeling supported by colleagues, bosses and an open working climate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 25
Keywords [en]
Caring, Dementia-disease, Experience, Health professionals, Patient
Keywords [sv]
Demenssjukdom, patient, upplevelse, vårda, vårdpersonal
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14551OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-14551DiVA, id: diva2:1163080
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-12-07 Created: 2017-12-05 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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More styles
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Output format
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