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HBTQ-patienters vårdupplevelser: En litteraturöversikt
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. ronnerum@gmail.com.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Care experiences among LGBTQ-patients : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskan har till uppgift att vårda och ta hand om patienter på lika villkor oavsett bakgrund och sjukdomstillstånd. HBTQ-patienter har exempelvis sämre psykisk hälsa jämfört med hetero- och cispersoner. Det beskrivs också att HBTQ-personer är en utsatt grupp i samhället och att detta orsakar HBTQ-personerna lidande. Den vårdande relationen som är avgörande för omvårdnaden kan därmed bli en trygghet för dessa personer. Syfte: Studiens syfte var att beskriva hur HBTQ-patienter upplever vården. Metod: För att besvara syftet användes en litteraturöversikt innehållande åtta analyserade artiklar. Resultat: Genom de meningsenheter som plockades ut ur artiklarna identifierades tre teman; att komma ut till vårdpersonalen, upplevelsen av heteronormativitet och homofobi i vården samt HBTQ-patientens upplevelse av vårdpersonalen. I temana beskrivs varför HBTQ-patienterna kommer ut till vårdpersonalen, att heteronormativiteten upplevdes vara hinder för god vård samt att vårdpersonalen behövde mer kunskap och ett annat förhållningssätt till HBTQ. Konklusion: HBTQ-patienterna upplevde att de var tvungna att komma ut till vårdpersonalen för att erhålla den vård de behövde, vården är baserad på heteronormer och att de blev utsatta för homofobi samt att vårdpersonalen inte hade tillräcklig kunskap för att kunna bemöta vårdbehovet och önskemålen hos HBTQpatienterna. 

Abstract [en]

Background: The Nurse is responsible to care for patients on equal terms irrespective of background and state of illness. For example, LGBTQ patients have poorer mental health compared to heterosexual and cis persons. It is also described that LGBTQ people are a vulnerable group in society and this causes the suffering of LGBTQ people. The caring relationship that is crucial to nursing can thus be a security for these people. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to describe how LGBTQ patients experience the care. Method: To answer the purpose, a literature review containing eight analyzed articles was used. Result: Through the sentences picked out of the articles, three themes were identified; to get out to the healthcare staff, the experience of heteronormativity and homophobia in the care and the LGBTQ patient's experience of the healthcare staff. The themes describe why the LGBTQ patients come to healthcare professionals, that heteronormativity was perceived to be an obstacle to good care, and that healthcare professionals needed more knowledge and another approach to LGBTQ. Conclusion: The LGBTQ patients felt they had to come out to healthcare professionals to get the care they needed, care were based on heteronorms and they were exposed to homophobia and that the healthcare staff had insufficient knowledge to respond to the need for care and the wishes of LGBTQ patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 21
Keywords [en]
Care, experience, heteronormativity, knowledge, LGBTQ
Keywords [sv]
HBTQ, heteronorm, kunskap, upplevelse, vård
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14548OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-14548DiVA, id: diva2:1162832
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-12-07 Created: 2017-12-05 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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