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När hjärtat slutat slå: patientens upplevelse att överleva ett hjärtstopp. En litteraturbaserad studie
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
When the heart stops beating : the patient’s experience of surviving acardiac arrest. A literature based study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Att drabbas av hjärtstopp kan upplevas som en dramatisk händelse som påverkar både hälsan och livsvärlden. Alla patienter innehar ett existentiellt sammanhang som påverkar hälsan, livet och patienten själv. Sjuksköterskan behöver kunna se till patientens livsvärld och förstå hur olika sammanhang påverkar patientens upplevelse av sin hälsa. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva patientens upplevelse av att överleva ett hjärtstopp. Metod: Den valda metoden var en litteraturbaserad studie med kvalitativ ansats som inkluderade 11 artiklar som analyserats med en metod beskriven av Friberg. Resultat: Ur analysen av datamaterialet framträdde tre huvudteman: en ny vardag, ett förändrat liv och livsavgörande begränsning med inopererad defibrillator med tio underteman. Konklusion: Majoriteten av patienterna upplevde oro, rädsla och ångest i sin vardag. De behövde utveckla nya strategier för att kunna hantera sitt nya liv i form av rutiner och planering för att minska stress i vardagen.

Abstract [en]

Background: To suffer from cardiac arrest can be experienced as a dramatic event that affects both the health and life world. All of the patients have an existential coherency that affects the health, life and the patient itself. As a nurse you will be able to see the patient's life world and understand how different contexts affects the patient's experienced health. Purpose: The purpose was to describe the patient’s experience of surviving cardiac arrest. Method: The chosen method was a literature based study with a qualitative approach that included 11 articles that was analyzed using a method described by Friberg. Results: Through analysis of the data material three main themes was generated with associated sub themes. From the analysis of the data emerged three main themes a new every day life, a changed life and a life changing limitation with an inoperable defibrillator with ten undertheme. Conclusion: The majority of the patients experienced worry, fear and anxiety in their everyday life. They needed to develop new strategies to cope with their new life with the help of routines and planning to decrease stress in their everyday life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
Cardiac arrest, experience, ICD, patient, survivor
Keywords [sv]
Hjärtstopp, ICD, patient, upplevelse, överlevare
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14513OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-14513DiVA, id: diva2:1160678
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-11-29 Created: 2017-11-28 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
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  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf