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Jag ska inte dö idag. Patienters upplevelser av att ha biverkningar vid cellgiftsbehandling: En självbiografisk studie
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
I am not dying today. Patient experiences of side effects in chemotherapy : An autobiographical study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Cancer är en sjukdom med över 200 olika former och cellgiftsbehandling är en vanlig behandling där cancerceller angrips, men även kroppens friska celler påverkas. Detta resulterar i biverkningar hos patienter som kan påverka livskvaliteten negativt trots att många av biverkningarna är lindriga. Sjuksköterskans primära roll är att arbeta för att främja hälsa och välbefinnande hos patienter.

Syfte: Syftet med studien är att beskriva patienters upplevelser av ha biverkningar vid cellgiftsbehandling.

Metod: Arbetet har genomförts genom en kvalitativ metod där självbiografier med en narrativ karaktär har studerats.

Resultat:  I resultatet framkommer fyra teman. (1) Att orka fortsätta leva; innefattar upplevelser av att orka genomgå biverkningar. (2) Kroppens begränsningar; innefattar upplevelser av hur biverkningar begränsar patienternas liv. (3) Att pendla mellan olika känslor: innefattar upplevelser om hur känslor till biverkningarna är olika från dag till dag. (4) Behovet av stöd: innefattar vikten av stöd vid biverkningar. Resultatet visar upplevelsen av att ha biverkningar vid cellgiftsbehandling.

Konklusion: Genom en inblick i upplevelserna kan sjuksköterskan möta och förstå patientens individuella behov av stöd och genom detta förebygga lidande av biverkningar vid cellgiftsbehandling.  

Abstract [en]

Background: Cancer is a disease with over 200 different types. Treatment with cytostatics is common, cancer cells are attacked, but the healthy cells can also be affected. This result in different side effects that can affect the life quality in a negative way, although many of the side effects are minor.  The primary role as a nurse is to work for the protection of health and wellbeing in the patient care.

Purpose: The purpose was to describe patient experiences of having side effects in chemotherapy.

Method: The study was based on a qualitative method where autobiographies with a narrative quality has been studied.

Result: The result show four themes that include experiences about having side effects in chemotherapy. The result also show the experiences about how side effects give limitations in life, experiences about how the feelings to the side effects are different from day to day and the importance of support through side effects. The themes presented in the result together show the experiences of having side effects in chemotherapy.

Conclusion: Through an insight into the experiences, the nurse can meet and understand the patient's individual need for support and thereby prevent suffering of side effects during chemotherapy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
cancer, care, chemotherapy, experiences, side effects
Keywords [sv]
biverkningar, cancer, cellgiftsbehandling, upplevelser, vårdande
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14505OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-14505DiVA, id: diva2:1159183
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-11-22 Created: 2017-11-21 Last updated: 2017-11-22Bibliographically approved

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