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Prevalence of negative life events and chronic adversities in European pre- and primary-school children: results from the IDEFICS study
Department of Public Health, Ghent University, UZ-2BlokA De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium / Research Foundation – Flanders (FWO), Egmontstraat 5, Brussels, Belgium.
Department of Public Health, Ghent University, UZ-2BlokA De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium / Dietary Exposure Assessment Group, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France.
Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Ghent University, Watersportlaan 2, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.
Bremen Institute for Prevention Research and Social Medicine, University of Bremen, Achterstr. 30, 28359, Bremen, Germany / Institute for Public Health and Nursing Care Research, University of Bremen, Postfach 330440, 28344, Bremen, Germany.
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2012 (English)In: Archives of Public Health, ISSN 0778-7367, E-ISSN 2049-3258, Vol. 70, no 1, article id 26Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Children are not always recognized as being susceptible to stress, although childhood stressors may originate from multiple events in their everyday surroundings with negative effects on children's health.

METHODS: As there is a lack of large-scale, European prevalence data on childhood adversities, this study presents the prevalence of (1) negative life events and (2) familial and social adversities in 4637 European pre- and primary-school children (4-11 years old), using a parentally-reported questionnaire embedded in the IDEFICS project ('Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS').

RESULTS: The following findings were observed: (1) Certain adversities occur only rarely, while others are very regular (i.e. parental divorce); (2) A large percentage of children is shielded from stressors, while a small group of children is exposed to multiple, accumulating adversities; (3) The prevalence of childhood adversity is influenced by geographical location (e.g. north versus south), age group and sex; (4) Childhood adversities are associated and co-occur, resulting in potential cumulative childhood stress.

CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the importance of not only studying traumatic events but also of focusing on the early familial and social environment in childhood stress research and indicated the importance of recording or monitoring childhood adversities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 70, no 1, article id 26
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14488DOI: 10.1186/0778-7367-70-26PubMedID: 23173879OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-14488DiVA, id: diva2:1157964
Note

Group Author(s): IDEFICS Consortium

Available from: 2017-11-17 Created: 2017-11-17 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved

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Eiben, Gabriele

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