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Influence of Birth Weight on Calcaneal Bone Stiffness in Belgian Preadolescent Children
Univ Ghent, Dept Publ Hlth, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
Univ Ghent, Dept Publ Hlth, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3069-7254
Univ Zaragoza, Res Grp, E-50009 Zaragoza, Spain / Univ Exeter, Sch Sport & Hlth Sci, Exeter EX1 2LU, Devon, England.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4020-0256
BIPS Inst Epidemiol & Prevent Res, D-28359 Bremen, Germany.
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2012 (English)In: Calcified Tissue International, ISSN 0171-967X, E-ISSN 1432-0827, Vol. 91, no 4, p. 267-275Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between birth weight and calcaneal bone stiffness in a large sample of Belgian, healthy, preadolescent children. Participants were 827 children (3.6-11.2 years, 51.6 % boys) from the Belgian cohort of the IDEFICS study. Birth weight was obtained using a parental questionnaire, and quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurements were performed to determine calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA), speed of sound (SOS), and stiffness index (SI) using the Lunar Achilles device. Average birth weights were 3435.7 +/- A 512.0 g for boys and 3256.9 +/- A 471.1 g for girls. Average calcaneal QUS measurements were 89.6 +/- A 24.0 (23.3-153.9) dB/MHz for BUA, 1621.4 +/- A 49.6 (1516.3-1776.5) m/s for SOS, and 92.8 +/- A 15.6 (49.0-163.0) for SI. Birth weight was positively associated with BUA (r = 0.13, p = 0.002) and SOS (r = -0.16, p < 0.001). The associations remained after correcting for age and sex in multiple regression analyses but disappeared after correcting for anthropometric covariates. Our findings suggest that birth weight, as a rough proxy indicator for genetic and environmental influences during intrauterine life, is associated with BUA and SOS in preadolescent children and may therefore influence the risk of osteoporosis later in life. Further studies using QUS are needed to investigate the consistency of the results of this study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2012. Vol. 91, no 4, p. 267-275
Keywords [en]
Birth weight, Children, Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound, Bone stiffness
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14462DOI: 10.1007/s00223-012-9636-zISI: 000308332000005PubMedID: 22911000Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84866024501OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-14462DiVA, id: diva2:1157805
Available from: 2017-11-16 Created: 2017-11-16 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved

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Michels, NathalieGracia-Marco, LuisEiben, Gabriele

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