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Parental education and frequency of food consumption in European children: the IDEFICS study
Univ Zaragoza, GENUD Growth Exercise Nutr & Dev Res Grp, Univ Sch Hlth Sci, E-50009 Zaragoza, Spain.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4145-5103
Univ Zaragoza, GENUD Growth Exercise Nutr & Dev Res Grp, Univ Sch Hlth Sci, E-50009 Zaragoza, Spain.
Univ Bremen, Bremen Inst Prevent Res & Social Med, D-28359 Bremen, Germany.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5623-8160
Univ Bremen, Bremen Inst Prevent Res & Social Med, D-28359 Bremen, Germany.
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2013 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 487-498Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To assess the relationship between parental education level and the consumption frequency of obesity-related foods in European children. Design: The analysis was based on data from the cross-sectional baseline survey of a prospective cohort study. The effects of parental education on food consumption were explored using analysis of covariance and logistic regression. Setting: Primary schools and pre-schools of selected regions in Italy, Estonia, Cyprus, Belgium, Sweden, Hungary, Germany and Spain. Subjects: Participants (n 14 426) of the IDEFICS baseline cohort study aged 2 to 9 years. Results: Parental education level affected the intake of obesity-related foods in children. Children in the low and medium parental education level groups had lower odds of more frequently eating low-sugar and low-fat foods (vegetables, fruits, pasta/noodles/rice and wholemeal bread) and higher odds of more frequently eating high-sugar and high-fat foods (fried potatoes, fruits with sugar and nuts, snacks/desserts and sugared beverages; P<0.001). The largest odds ratio differences were found in the low category (reference category: high) for vegetables (OR=0.56; 95% CI 0.47, 0.65), fruits (OR=0.56; 95% CI 0.48, 0.65), fruits with sugar and nuts (OR=2.23; 95% CI 1.92, 2.59) and sugared beverages (OR=2.01; 95% CI 1.77, 2.37). Conclusions: Low parental education level was associated with intakes of sugar-rich and fatty foods among children, while high parental education level was associated with intakes of low-sugar and low-fat foods. These findings should be taken into account in public health interventions, with more targeted policies aiming at an improvement of children's diet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2013. Vol. 16, no 3, p. 487-498
Keyword [en]
Parental education, Children, IDEFICS study, Food consumption
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14456DOI: 10.1017/S136898001200290XISI: 000313976700013PubMedID: 22687743Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84872902247OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-14456DiVA, id: diva2:1157764
Note

Group Author(s): IDEFICS Consortium

Available from: 2017-11-16 Created: 2017-11-16 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved

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Miguel Fernandez-Alvira, JuanBammann, KarinSieri, SabinaEiben, Gabriele

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