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Blood fatty acid composition in relation to allergy in children aged 2-9 years: results from the European IDEFICS study
Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Inst Med, Sect Epidemiol & Social Med, POB 453, S-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden.;Narhalsan, Res & Dev Primary Hlth Care, Gothenburg, Region Vostra G, Sweden.
Univ Milan, Dept Pharmacol & Biomol Sci, DiSFeB, Milan, Italy.
Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Inst Med, Sect Epidemiol & Social Med, POB 453, S-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4397-3721
Leibniz Inst Prevent Res & Epidemiol BIPS, Bremen, Germany.
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2017 (English)In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0954-3007, E-ISSN 1476-5640, Vol. 71, no 1, 39-44 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Blood polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are involved in allergy development, but the etiological role of n-6 and n-3 PUFA is still controversial. A European multicenter study of children (IDEFICS) provided the opportunity to explore the cross-sectional association between fatty acids (FA) and allergy. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Blood FA levels were measured in 2600 children aged 2-9 years and were recorded as the percentage of weight of all FA detected. Logistic regression of allergy status on FA components was adjusted for age, sex, country, body mass index, family history of allergic disease, breast-feeding, and number of siblings. The results were given as odds ratios (OR) for current vs no allergy ever and an increase in FA by 1 s.d. RESULTS: Overall, higher proportions of n-6 PUFA were associated with higher odds of allergy (OR = 1.21 (1.05, 1.40)). Monounsaturated FA (MUFA) were associated with reduced risk for allergy (OR = 0.75 (0.65, 0.87)), whereas saturated FA did not differ by allergy status. The strongest associations were observed in children < 4 years old, with ORs of allergy given as 1.62 (1.15, 2.29) for n-3 PUFA and 0.63 (0.42, 0.95) for MUFA. With regard to individual FA, these associations were independently observed for docosapentaenoic acid (22: 5 n-3) and oleic acid (18: 1 n-9). CONCLUSIONS: Both PUFA subtypes were positively associated with allergy in an age-dependent manner, whereas MUFA was associated with less allergy. The observation of high proportions of n-3 PUFA in allergic children younger than 4 years might help to understand the nature of early onset of atopic disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nature Publishing Group, 2017. Vol. 71, no 1, 39-44 p.
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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14408DOI: 10.1038/ejcn.2016.158ISI: 000394023900007PubMedID: 27650873Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84988557194OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-14408DiVA: diva2:1157460
Note

Group Author(s): IDEFICS Consortium

Available from: 2017-11-16 Created: 2017-11-16 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved

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Eiben, Gabriele

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