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Dietary Patterns of European Children and Their Parents in Association with Family Food Environment: Results from the I.Family Study
Leibniz Inst Prevent Res & Epidemiol BIPS, D-28359 Bremen, Germany.
Leibniz Inst Prevent Res & Epidemiol BIPS, D-28359 Bremen, Germany.
CNR, Inst Food Sci, I-83100 Avellino, Italy.
Univ Ghent, Dept Publ Hlth, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
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2017 (English)In: Nutrients, ISSN 2072-6643, E-ISSN 2072-6643, Vol. 9, no 2, 126Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to determine whether an association exists between children's and parental dietary patterns (DP), and whether the number of shared meals or soft drink availability during meals strengthens this association. In 2013/2014 the I. Family study cross-sectionally assessed the dietary intakes of families from eight European countries using 24-h dietary recalls. Usual energy and food intakes from six-to 16-year-old children and their parents were estimated based on the NCI Method. A total of 1662 child-mother and 789 child-father dyads were included; DP were derived using cluster analysis. We investigated the association between children's and parental DP and whether the number of shared meals or soft drink availability moderated this association using mixed effects logistic regression models. Three DP comparable in children and parents were obtained: Sweet & Fat, Refined Cereals, and Animal Products. Children were more likely to be allocated to the Sweet & Fat DP when their fathers were allocated to the Sweet & Fat DP and when they shared at least one meal per day (OR 3.18; 95% CI 1.84; 5.47). Being allocated to the Sweet & Fat DP increased when the mother or the father was allocated to the Sweet & Fat DP and when soft drinks were available (OR 2.78; 95% CI 1.80; 4.28 or OR 4.26; 95% CI 2.16; 8.41, respectively). Availability of soft drinks and negative parental role modeling are important predictors of children's dietary patterns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 9, no 2, 126
Keyword [en]
food consumption, family resemblance, cluster analysis, shared meals, soft drink, childhood obesity
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14396DOI: 10.3390/nu9020126ISI: 000397023100039Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85012295394OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-14396DiVA: diva2:1156436
Note

Authors on behalf of the I.Family Consortium

Available from: 2017-11-13 Created: 2017-11-13 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved

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Eiben, GabrielePala, Valeria

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