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Palatable food consumption in children: interplay between (food) reward motivation and the home food environment
Univ Ghent, Dept Publ Hlth, Fac Med & Hlth Sci, De Pintelaan 185 UZ 4K3, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
Univ Ghent, Fac Psychol & Educ Sci, Dept Dev Personal & Social Psychol, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
Univ Ghent, Dept Publ Hlth, Fac Med & Hlth Sci, De Pintelaan 185 UZ 4K3, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium / Univ Ghent, Fac Biosci Engn, Dept Food Safety & Food Qual, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
Univ Ghent, Dept Publ Hlth, Fac Med & Hlth Sci, De Pintelaan 185 UZ 4K3, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
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2017 (English)In: European Journal of Pediatrics, ISSN 0340-6199, E-ISSN 1432-1076, Vol. 176, no 4, 465-474 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To understand the importance of the home food environment on unhealthy food consumption in children high in reward sensitivity, this study tested the hypothesis that the home availability of unhealthy food moderates the effect of reward sensitivity on children's fast-food consumption frequency, exerted via food cue responsiveness. Children between 7.5 and 14 years (n = 174, 50.6% boys) reported on reward sensitivity and food cue responsiveness (by means of the subscale 'external eating'). Their height and weight were measured. Parents reported on their children's fast-food consumption frequency, food cue responsiveness (by means of the subscale 'food responsiveness'), and on the home availability of unhealthy foods. Two moderated mediation models were conducted, one with the parent- and one with the child-reported food cue responsiveness as mediator. Findings suggested that with a high home availability of unhealthy foods, (a) a higher fast-food consumption frequency was found in children high in reward sensitivity and (b) the relation between reward sensitivity and the fast-food consumption frequency was mediated by external eating. Conclusions: The findings point at the importance of the home food environment in children high in reward sensitivity. They suggest to limit the home availability of unhealthy foods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017. Vol. 176, no 4, 465-474 p.
Keyword [en]
Reward sensitivity, Palatable food, Home availability, Food responsiveness, External eating, Child
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14395DOI: 10.1007/s00431-017-2857-4ISI: 000398605300005PubMedID: 28132093Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85010952443OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-14395DiVA: diva2:1156429
Note

Authors on behalf of the I.Family Consortium

Available from: 2017-11-13 Created: 2017-11-13 Last updated: 2017-11-13Bibliographically approved

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Eiben, GabriellePala, Valeria
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