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Evolution of the selfing syndrome: Anther orientation and herkogamy together determine reproductive assurance in a self-compatible plant
University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre. University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. Department of Plant Ecology and Evolution, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. (Ekologisk modellering, Ecological Modelling Group)
Department of Plant Ecology and Evolution, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Plant Developmental Biology, Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany.
Department of Plant Developmental Biology, Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Cologne, Germany.
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2017 (English)In: Evolution, ISSN 0014-3820, E-ISSN 1558-5646, Vol. 71, no 9, 2206-2218 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Capacity for autonomous self-fertilization provides reproductive assurance, has evolved repeatedly in the plant kingdom, and typically involves several changes in flower morphology and development (the selfing syndrome). Yet, the relative importance of different traits and trait combinations for efficient selfing and reproductive success in pollinator-poor environments is poorly known. In a series of experiments, we tested the importance of anther-stigma distance and the less studied trait anther orientation for efficiency of selfing in the perennial herb Arabis alpina. Variation in flower morphology among eight self-compatible European populations was correlated with efficiency of self-pollination and with pollen limitation in a common-garden experiment. To examine whether anther-stigma distance and anther orientation are subject to directional and/or correlational selection, and whether this is because these traits affect pollination success, we planted a segregating F2 population at two native field sites. Selection strongly favored a combination of introrse anthers and reduced anther-stigma distance at a site where pollinator activity was low, and supplemental hand-pollination demonstrated that this was largely because of their effect on securing self-pollination. The results suggest that concurrent shifts in more than one trait can be crucial for the evolution of efficient self-pollination and reproductive assurance in pollinator-poor habitats.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 71, no 9, 2206-2218 p.
Keyword [en]
Adaptive evolution, floral morphology, mating system, natural selection, pollination
National Category
Biological Sciences
Research subject
Ecological Modelling Group
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-14168DOI: 10.1111/evo.13308ISI: 000409486000005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85028937564OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-14168DiVA: diva2:1144686
Available from: 2017-09-27 Created: 2017-09-27 Last updated: 2017-11-02Bibliographically approved

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