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Outsourcing inom läkemedelsbranschen: Det faktiska utfallet
University of Skövde, School of Business.
University of Skövde, School of Business.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Outsourcing in the pharmaceutical industry : The actual outcome (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Outsourcing är inget nytt fenomen då transaktionskostnadsteorin formades 1937 som beskrev att företag bör vända sig till marknaden i de fall detta gynnade företaget ekonomiskt. Sedan dess har teorier kring outsourcing förändrats och i dag handlar outsourcing om att kunna fokusera på företagets kärnkompetens och vilka möjligheter och risker outsourcing medför. Läkemedelsbranschen har på senare år börjat outsourca forskning och produktutveckling, vilka ses som kärnprocesser. Det råder därför delade meningar om branschen faktiskt har en kärnprocess.

Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är att förstå hur och varför läkemedelstillverkningsbranschen outsourcar, om de outsourcade processerna har koppling till företags kärnprocesser och hur outsourcing faktiskt påverkar företaget, både monetärt och icke-monetärt.

Metod: Det empiriska materialet insamlades med både kvantitativ och kvalitativ metod. En enkätundersökning genomfördes för att få en generell bild av hur läkemedelstillverkningsbranschen outsourcar för att sedan genomföra tre intervjuer för att få djupare kunskap om varför företag gjort de angivna val kring outsourcing. De intervjuade företagen valdes ut genom ett typiskt urval där företag valdes som svarat utifrån vissa bestämda kriterier.

Slutsats: Uppsatsen har belyst att den vanligaste processen att outsourca är tillverkning, men att även forskning och produktutveckling outsourcas till viss del. Detta berodde på att företag upplevde resurs- och kunskapsbrist inom de outsourcade processerna. Studien fann även att sambandet mellan anledningen till och utfallet av outsourcing var svagt. Däremot hamnade den ökade lönsamheten sist inom båda kategorierna. Det påvisades också att det är svårt att definiera en kärnprocess till branschen med anledning av den diversifiering som i dag karaktäriserar branschen. Däremot framkom produktutveckling som den vanligaste kärnprocessen inom företag, där det visade sig att företag inte tenderar att outsourca sin kärnprocess.

Abstract [en]

Background: Outsourcing is not a new phenomenon. Transaction cost theory was formed in 1937, which described that companies should transfer activities externally when this benefited companies financially. Since then, theories of outsourcing have changed and today, it has been switched to outsourcing of core competencies and a discussion of both opportunities and risks. In recent years the pharmaceutical industry has started to outsource their research and product development, which is considered a core process. Due to this there is a debate whether or not the industry has a core process.

Purpose: The purposes of this thesis are to understand how and why the pharmaceutical manufacturing industry is outsourcing, how the outsourced processes relate to their core processes and how outsourcing affects the companies, both monetary and non-monetary.

Method: The empirical evidence was gathered with both quantitative and qualitative methods. Firstly, a survey was conducted to get a general picture of how the pharmaceutical manufacturing industry outsources which was then followed by three interviews to gain an in-depth knowledge of why companies have made specified decisions regarding outsourcing. The companies were selected according to a number of specific criteria.

Conclusion: The thesis has highlighted that manufacturing is the most common process of outsourcing, but also that research and product development is outsourced to some extent. This was due to the fact that companies experienced resource and knowledge shortage in the outsourced processes. The study also found that the relation between the reason and the outcome of outsourcing was weak. However, the increased profitability ended last in both categories. It was also found that it is difficult to define a core process within the industry due to the diversification that today characterizes the industry. On the other hand, product development appear to be the most common core process within companies, where it also shows that companies tend not to outsource their core process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 66 p.
Keyword [en]
outsourcing, pharmaceutical industry, pharmaceutical manufacturing industry, biotechnology, medical technology, core process, KBV, RBV
Keyword [sv]
outsourcing, läkemedelsbranschen, läkemedelstillverkningsbranschen, bioteknik, medicinteknik, kärnprocess, KBV, RBV
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13912OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-13912DiVA: diva2:1134085
Subject / course
Business Administration
Educational program
Business Administration Accounting and Auditing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-08-27 Created: 2017-08-17 Last updated: 2017-08-27Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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