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Vegetarisk kost: ur ett hälsofrämjande samt sjukdomsperspektiv
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Vegetarian diet : from a health promotion and disease perspective (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inledning - Vegetarianer har gjort ett livsstilsbeslut att inte äta kött och har ett kostmönster med endast vegetabiliska produkter.

Syfte - Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att lyfta fram hur en vegetarisk kost påverkar individens hälsa ur ett hälsofrämjande- och sjukdomsperspektiv.  

Metod - En systematisk litteraturstudie gjort på 11 vetenskapliga artiklar som är granskade ur ett positivt samt negativt synsätt av en vegetarisk diet.

Resultat - Vegetarisk kost ger både positiva samt negativa effekter på individens hälsa samt sjukdomsrisk, då det finns hälsofrämjande effekter men även risk för näringsbrist vid okunskap, både vid kortsiktig och långsiktig diet.

Diskussion - Forskningen visar att en vegetarisk diet inte är ett väl forskat ämne och mer vetenskaplig forskning krävs. Man hittar både hälsofrämjande och sjukdomsrisk effekter av den vegetariska dieten. Hälsofrämjande visar den vegetariska dieten att risk för hjärt- och kärlsjukdomar minskar. Dock ökar risken att drabbas av näringsbrist när man utesluter animaliska produkter ur sin kost vid okunskap.

Abstract [en]

Background: Vegetarians have made a lifechanging decision to not eat meat and therefore have an eating pattern consisting of vegetable products.

Purpose: The systematic literature overview examines how a vegetarian diet affect health from a health promoting and disease perspectives.

Method: A systematic literature overview based on 11 scientific articles that have been examined from a positive and negative approach of a vegetarian diet.

Results: A vegetarian diet can both be positive and negative to a persons health. The study shows a positive health for the participants with risk of diseases because there are health promoting effects as well as risks for malnutrition caused by lack of knowledge both regarding short term and long-term diets.

Discussion: The research shows that the area regarding vegetarian diets is not a wellresearched area and more research is needed. Both negative and positive effects with this diet can be found. The health promoting effect are reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, and the negative effects are the risk of malnutrition when animal products are excluded from the diet with a lack of knowledge regarding the subject.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
vegetarian, nutrition, health, malnutrition, health promotion
Keyword [sv]
vegetarian, nutrition, hälsa, näringsbrist, hälsofrämjande
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13879OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-13879DiVA: diva2:1117978
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Health Coach
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-08-22 Created: 2017-06-29 Last updated: 2017-08-22Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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