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I mitt huvud var det upp och ner: Unga kvinnor med adhd och deras upplevelse under skolåren
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. marie_wallin@live.se.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. johannanordmalm@hotmail.com.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
In my head everything was upside down : Young women with adhd and their experience during the school years (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Flickor med Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) har en ökad risk att inte upptäckas då det finns kunskapsbrister med att identifiera ADHD-symtom särskilt hos flickor. De riskerar därmed att inte få adekvata stödinsatser under skolåren. Skolsköterskan ska i den hälsofrämjande omvårdnaden bemöta elevernas behov på bästa sätt vilket bygger på förtroende, vetenskap och beprövad erfarenhet.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva unga kvinnor med ADHD och deras upplevelse under skolåren.

Metod: Studien har genomförts med kvalitativ metod och materialet har analyserats med en kvalitativ innebördsanalys. Studien är baserad på sex intervjuer som utförts via e-post.

Resultat: Analysen resulterade i sex kategorier som beskriver unga kvinnor med ADHD och deras upplevelse under skolåren; Att må psykiskt dåligt och känna utanförskap; Upplevelse av bristande förståelse; Upplevelse i klassrummet; Att få förståelse; Upplevelse att få en ADHD-diagnos; Att få en tidigare ADHD-diagnos hade underlättat.

Slutsats: Det finns en kunskapsbrist i skolan med att identifiera ADHD hos flickor och som  resulterat i diagnos först i tonåren. Okunskap och bristfälliga individanpassade stödinsatser har en negativ påverkan på skolprestationer och den psykiska hälsan.

Abstract [en]

Background: Girls with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are at increased risk of not being detected as there is a lack of knowledge how to identifying ADHD symptoms, especially in girls. Consequently, they risk not getting adequate support during their schoolyears. In the health-promoting nursing at school, the nurse shall respond to the needs of the students in the best possible way, based on trust, science and proven experience.

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to describe young women with ADHD and their experiences during the school years.

Method: The study has been conducted with qualitative methodology and the material has been analyzed with a qualitative meaning analysis. The study is based on six interviews conducted via e-mail.

Result: The analysis resulted in six categories describing young women with ADHD and their experiences during their school years; To feel mentally bad and excluded; Experience lack of understanding; Experience in the classroom; Gaining understanding; Experience getting an ADHD diagnosis; Getting an earlier ADHD-diagnosis would have facilitated.

Conclusion: There is a lack of knowledge in school to identify ADHD in girls, and as result they are often diagnosed as late as in their teenage years. Lack of knowledge and inadequately individualized support efforts have a negative impact on school performance and mental health. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
girls, classroom, gender, symptoms, nursing
Keyword [sv]
flickor, klassrum, könsskillnader, symtom, omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13867OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-13867DiVA: diva2:1116744
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
School Nurse - Specialist Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-10-03 Created: 2017-06-27 Last updated: 2017-10-03Bibliographically approved

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