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Skolsköterskors erfarenheter av att arbeta med gymnasieelever som har långvarig ogiltig frånvaro
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
School nurses with experience working with high school students who have long term absenteeism (English)
Abstract [sv]

Elever som stannar hemma från skolan har uppmärksammats allt mer under de senaste åren och trots den svenska skolplikten i grundskolan och frivilligheten på gymnasiet väljer allt fler elever bort skolan. Elevhälsan har en viktig roll i att främja elevers närvaro i skolan, fokus ligger på att sätta in insatser i tidigt skede vid frånvaro.

Syfte: Syfte med studien är att undersöka skolsköterskors erfarenheter av att arbeta med gymnasieelever som har långvarig ogiltig frånvaro.

Metod: Studien genomfördes med en kvalitativ metod. Studien baseras på sexton mejlintervjuer med skolsköterskor verksamma på gymnasiet och analyserades med hjälp av innebördsanalys.

Resultat: Fyra innebördsteman framkom som beskriver skolsköterskornas erfarenheter av att arbeta med gymnasieelever som har långvarig ogiltig frånvaro; hälsosamtalet möjliggör att lära känna elever, att skapa en trygg relation till elever, samarbete med andra professioner och vårdnadshavare och betydelsen av rutiner för att främja elevers närvaro.

Slutsats: Skolsköterskor behöver bygga upp en förtroendefull relation till elever för att en trygg relation ska uppstå. Det är viktigt att elever blir sedda och hörda på ett respektfullt sätt i mötet med skolsköterskorna så orsaker till den långvariga ogiltiga frånvaron kommer fram.

Abstract [en]

Students who stay at home from school have attracted increasing attention in recent years. Despite the Swedish compulsory school attendance in primary school and the voluntary nature of high school, more and more students give up school. Students health has an important role in promoting students school attendance, the focus is to put in effort in the early stage at absence.

Aim: The aim of the study is to investigate the school nurses experience of working with high school students who have a long term absenteeism.

Method: The study was conducted with a qualitative approach. The study is based on sixteen mail interviews with nurses working in high schools that were analyzed using significance analysis.

Results: Four meanings were found describing the school nurses experience of working with high school students who have a long term absenteeism; the health dialogues enables to get to know the students, to achieve a safe relationship with students, cooperation with other professions and guardians and the importance of routines to promote students attendance.

Conclusion: School nurses need to build a trustful relationship with students so that a safe relationship can occur. It’s important that students are being seen and heard in a respectful way, in the meeting with school nurses so that the cause of long term absenteeism appears.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 33 p.
Keyword [en]
school nurses, high school students, absenteeism, nursing
Keyword [sv]
skolsköterskor, gymnasieelever, långvarig ogiltig frånvaro, omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13823OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-13823DiVA: diva2:1113584
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
School Nurse - Specialist Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-26 Created: 2017-06-21 Last updated: 2017-06-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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