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"Undrar varför ingen reagerade. Ingen reagerade": Upplevelsen av att bli utsatt för sexuella övergrepp i barndomen
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
"I wonder why no one reacted. No one reacted" : The experience of being sexually abused in your childhood (English)
Abstract [sv]

BAKGRUND: I Sverige uppskattas en femtedel av barnen bli utsatta för sexuella övergrepp. Konskevenser av sexuella övergrepp i barndomen kan leda till psykisk ohälsa såsom självskada, PTSD, ångest och dålig självkänsla. Som en central del av elevhälsan har skolsköterskan till uppgift att upptäcka missförhållanden hos elever.

SYFTE: Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva upplevelsen av att ha blivit utsatt för sexuella övergrepp under barndomen.

METOD: Sex bloggar analyserades med en kvalitativ metod med induktiv ansats och innebördsanalys.

RESULTAT: Fem innebördsteman identifierades under analysförfarandet; att känna skuld och skam, att uppleva flashbacks, att leva med illabefinnande, att inte förmått göra motstånd samt att ha svårt med tillit och intimitet som vuxen. Det framkommer i resultatet att informanterna lider av skuld, skam och ångest och illabefinnande som följd av de sexuella övergreppen. De har använt sig av självskadebeteende, har flashbacks samt har svårigheter med tillit och närhet.

KONKLUSION: Sexuella övergrepp i bardomen kan leda till illabefinnande och ohälsa som följer med de drabbade personerna och påverkar dem upp i vuxen ålder. Det är centralt att skolsköteskan vågar lyfta detta ämne i sitt hälsofrämjande arbete med eleverna när misstanke uppstår. 

Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: In Sweden, one fifth of the children are estimated to be victims of sexual abuse. The consequences of sexual abuse in childhood can lead to mental health such as self-harm, PTSD, anxiety and poor self-esteem. As a central part of student health, the school nurse has the task of detecting abuse among students.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the experience of having been exposed to sexual abuse during childhood.

METHOD: Six blogs were analyzed using a qualitative method with inductive approach and meaning analysis.

RESULTS: Five meaning subjects were identified during the analysis process; Feeling guilty and shameful, experiencing flashbacks, to live with malaise, not being able to resist and having trouble with trust and intimacy as an adult. It appears that the informants suffer from guilt, shame and anxiety and poor well-being as a result of the sexual assaults. They have used selfharm, have flashbacks, and have difficulty with trust and proximity.

CONCLUSION: Being sexually abused in your childhood can lead to malaise and illness that accompanies the affected persons and affects them in adulthood. It is essential that the school nurse dares to approach this subject in their health promotion work with students when suspicion arises.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 25 p.
Keyword [en]
childhood, malaise, sexual abuse, school nurse
Keyword [sv]
barndom, illabefinnande, sexuella övergrepp, skolsköterska
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13808OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-13808DiVA: diva2:1113321
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
School Nurse - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-06-26 Created: 2017-06-21 Last updated: 2017-06-26Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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