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Personality traits across countries: Support for similarities rather than differences
University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden / Department of Behavioral Sciences, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden. (Kognitiv neurovetenskap och filosofi, Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0629-353X
Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, no 6, 1-13 p., e0179646Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the current climate of migration and globalization, personality characteristics of individualsfrom different countries have received a growing interest. Previous research has establishedreliable differences in personality traits across countries. The present study extends thisresearch by examining 30 personality traits in 22 countries, based on an online survey inEnglish with large national samples (NTotal = 130,602). The instrument used was a comprehensive,open-source measure of the Five Factor Model (FFM) (IPIP-NEO-120). We postulatedthat differences in personality traits between countries would be small, labeling this aSimilarities Hypothesis. We found support for this in three stages. First, similarities acrosscountries were observed for model fits for each of the five personality trait structures. Second,within-country sex differences for the five personality traits showed similar patternsacross countries. Finally, the overall the contribution to personality traits from countries wasless than 2%. In other words, the relationship between a country and an individual's personalitytraits, however interesting, are small. We conclude that the most parsimonious explanationfor the current and past findings is a cross-country personality Similarities Hypothesis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 12, no 6, 1-13 p., e0179646
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13796DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0179646ISI: 000403506300045PubMedID: 28622380Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85020888209OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-13796DiVA: diva2:1112650
Available from: 2017-06-20 Created: 2017-06-20 Last updated: 2017-07-07

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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