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När brösten upplevs som ett hot: En studie baserad på självbiografier av kvinnor med bröstcancer
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
When the breasts feels like a threat : A study based on autobiographies by women with breast cancer (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Bröstcancer är den vanligaste cancerformen hos kvinnor i Sverige. Diagnosen kan vara ett svårt besked som medför oro. Sjukdomen kan behandlas med kirurgi där bitar av eller hela bröstet tas bort eller med cytostatika. Sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsuppgift är att se personen med sjukdomen för att främja hälsa och välbefinnande samt att minska lidande. Hopp är viktigt för att uppleva livskvalité och sjukdomen kan präglas av såväl fysiska som emotionella faser, där upplevelsen av en förändrad identitet uppenbaras.

Metod: En kvalitativ metod av narrativer ligger till grund för studien och analysprocessen.

Syfte: Att beskriva kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med bröstcancer.

Resultat: Tre teman och sex subteman speglar resultatet. (1) Behov i en tid av oro; innefattar upplevelser av stöd och trygghet samt hantering av känslor. (2) En förändrad självbild; innefattar upplevelser av kroppsliga förändringar, vård och behandling. (3) Osäkerhet relaterad till ovisshet; innefattar existentiella tankar samt kvinnornas oro och rädsla. De teman som framkommer stödjer varandra och tillsammans visar de upplevelser av hur det är att leva med bröstcancer.

Konklusion: En inblick i upplevelserna kan ge sjuksköterskor möjlighet att identifiera och bemöta kvinnornas varierande behov.

Abstract [en]

Background: One of the most common cancers among women in Sweden is breast cancer. The diagnos can be a hard message which can bring worries. It can be treated with surgery were the whole breast or peace’s of the breast is removed or with cytostatic. The nursing role is to see the person with the disease in order to promote health and well-being and to minimize the suffering. Hope is important to experience quality of life and the disease can be influenced by physical and emotional phases where a changed identity is experienced.

Method: A qualitative method of narratives is used in the study and analysis.

Aim: To describe womens experiences of living with breast cancer.

Result: Three themes and six suthemes is shown. (1) Needs in a time of worries; comprises support and safety, managing the different emotionals. (2) A changed self-image; comprises the experiences of physical changes, care and treatment. (3) Uncertainty related to incertitude; existential thoughts, womens fears and worries. The themes are supporting each other and together they shows experiences of living with breast cancer.

Conclusion: An insight in the experiences can give nurses an opportunity to identify and respond to womens different needs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
breast cancer, experience, quality of life, hope, suffering
Keyword [sv]
bröstcancer, upplevelse, livskvalité, hopp, lidande
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13509OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-13509DiVA: diva2:1089476
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-04-29 Created: 2017-04-19 Last updated: 2017-04-29Bibliographically approved

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Eklind, LouiseHolgersson, Mette
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