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From margarine to butter: predictors of changing bread spread in an 11-year population follow-up
National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.
National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland / Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.
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2016 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 19, no 9, 1707-1717 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Finland is known for a sharp decrease in the intake of saturated fat and cardiovascular mortality. Since 2000, however, the consumption of butter-containing spreads - an important source of saturated fats - has increased. We examined social and health-related predictors of the increase among Finnish men and women. Design: An 11-year population follow-up. Setting: A representative random sample of adult Finns, invited to a health survey in 2000. Subjects: Altogether 5414 persons aged 30-64 years at baseline in 2000 were re-invited in 2011. Of men 1529 (59 %) and of women 1853 (66 %) answered the questions on bread spreads at both time points. Respondents reported the use of bread spreads by choosing one of the following alternatives: no fat, soft margarine, butter-vegetable oil mixture and butter, which were later categorized into margarine/no spread and butter/butter-vegetable oil mixture (= butter). The predictors included gender, age, marital status, education, employment status, place of residence, health behaviours, BMI and health. Multinomial regression models were fitted. Results: Of the 2582 baseline margarine/no spread users, 24.6% shifted to butter. Only a few of the baseline sociodemographic or health-related determinants predicted the change. Finnish women were more likely to change to butter than men. Living with a spouse predicted the change among men. Conclusions: The change from margarine to butter between 2000 and 2011 seemed not to be a matter of compliance with official nutrition recommendations. Further longitudinal studies on social, behavioural and motivational predictors of dietary changes are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2016. Vol. 19, no 9, 1707-1717 p.
Keyword [en]
Change of bread spread, Margarine, Butter, 2000-2011, Follow-up
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13270DOI: 10.1017/S1368980015003390ISI: 000380899500019PubMedID: 26686865ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84951275996OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-13270DiVA: diva2:1060630
Available from: 2016-12-29 Created: 2016-12-29 Last updated: 2016-12-29Bibliographically approved

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