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Att vårdas i slutenvård för anorexia nervosa: Patienters upplevelser
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To be cared for as an inpatient for anorexia nervosa : Patients' experiences (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Det finns olika sorters ätstörningar. Bland dessa är anorexia nervosa den allvarligaste. Sjukdomen drabbar mest unga kvinnor men även unga män kan insjukna. Anorexia nervosa påverkar patienternas kroppsuppfattning negativt vilket resulterar i att de svälter sig och/eller tränar frenetiskt. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva patienter med anorexia nervosas upplevelser av omvårdnaden under slutenvård. Metod: En litteraturöversikt med kvalitativ ansats valdes som metod för att svara på studiens syfte. Resultat: Det framkom fem teman ur analysen, dessa är; ”Vikten av den goda relationen”, ”En objektifierad omvårdnad”, ”Vikten av stöd”, ”Känsla av att vara övervakad” samt ”Vikten av att uppleva delaktighet”. Dessa teman beskriver patienternas upplevelser av omvårdnaden inom slutenvård. Konklusion: Patienterna upplevde omvårdnaden som både positiv och negativ. Det hade stor betydelse för patienterna om de upplevde en god relation till sjuksköterskorna. För att kunna övervinna sjukdomen var det viktigt att patienterna kände sig delaktiga i omvårdnaden. Att patienterna fick känna sig som unika personer var också något som hjälpte dem att återhämta sig.

Abstract [en]

Background: There are different types of eating disorders. Among these are anorexia nervosa the most serious. It is mostly young women who develop the disease, but also young men can become ill. Anorexia nervosa affects patient´s body image negatively, which results in the patient starving him- or herself and/or exercising frenetically. Aim: The aim was to describe patients with anorexia nervosa experiences of care during hospitalization. Method: A literature review with qualitative approach was chosen as the method to answer the aim of the study. Results: It emerged five themes from the analysis. These are; “The importance of a good relationship”, “An objectified care”, “The importance of support”, “The feeling of being monitored” and “The importance of experiencing participation”. These themes describe patients' experiences of care in hospitalization. Conclusion: The patients experienced the care to be both positive and negative. It was of great importance to the patients if they experienced a good relationship with the nurses. In order to overcome the disease, it was important that patients felt involved in their own care. For the patients to recover from anorexia nervosa, the patients needed to be treated like individuals and not like the stereotype of the disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
Anorexia nervosa, treatment, patient, inpatient, experience
Keyword [sv]
Anorexia nervosa, behandling, patientens, slutenvård, upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13151OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-13151DiVA: diva2:1050379
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-12-02 Created: 2016-11-28 Last updated: 2016-12-02Bibliographically approved

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Biörck-Markusson, LindaMokhayer, Zohreh
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Citation style
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