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En litteraturöversikt: Kvinnors upplevelser av hur deras sexuella hälsa har påverkats av behandling mot bröstcancer
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
A literature review : Women's experiences of how their sexual health have been affected by breast cancer treatments (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Kvinnors sexuella hälsa kan påverkas negativt av behandlingar mot bröstcancer samt orsaka lidande. Medicinsk behandling mot bröstcancer orsakar bland annat klimakteriebesvär, trötthet och håravfall, medan kirurgisk behandling kan påverka kvinnornas självbild. Syfte: Att belysa kvinnors upplevelser av hur den sexuella hälsan har påverkats av behandling mot bröstcancer. Metod: En litteraturöversikt baserad på kvalitativa och kvantitativa forskningsresultat. Resultat: Tre kategorier identifierades i resultatet; nedsatt sexuell aktivitet, förändrad kroppsuppfattning och självbild samt relationens påverkan på den sexuella hälsan. De vanligaste biverkningarna som upplevdes var minskad sexuell lust och smärta vid samlag på grund av vaginal torrhet. Förlust av kvinnlighet till följd av mastektomi var en vanligt förekommande upplevelse hos kvinnorna. En stöttande och förstående partner belystes vara betydelsefullt och främjade deras sexuella hälsa. Konklusion: Kvinnors sexuella hälsa påverkas både mentalt och fysiskt av behandling mot bröstcancer vilket bör uppmärksammas av sjuksköterskor inom alla vårdinstanser. Det är viktigt att sjuksköterskor arbetar utifrån ett patientcentrerat förhållningssätt och anpassar information och stöd efter individuella önskemål och behov för att förebygga sexuell ohälsa. 

Abstract [en]

Background: The sexual health might be negatively affected by breast cancer treatments and cause suffering for women. Medical treatments for breast cancer cause menopausal symptoms, fatigue and hair loss, while surgical treatments might affect women’s body image. Aim: To highlight women's experiences of how their sexual health has been affected by breast cancer treatments. Method: A literature review based on qualitative and quantitative research. Results: Three categories were identified in the result; reduced sexual activity, altered body image and the influence of relationships on the sexual health. The most common side effects that were experienced were reduced sexual desire and pain during sexual intercourse due to vaginal dryness. Loss of femininity as a result of mastectomy was a common experience among these women. It was found that a supportive and understanding partner is important to promote their sexual health. Conclusion: Women's sexual health is affected both mentally and physically by the breast cancer treatments, which should be observed by nurses in all health facilities. It is important that nurses are working from a patient centered approach and adjust information and support to individual requirements and needs to prevent sexual illness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
breast cancer, experience, female, sexual health, treatment
Keyword [sv]
behandling, bröstcancer, kvinna, sexuell hälsa, upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-13093OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-13093DiVA: diva2:1045974
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-12-07 Created: 2016-11-11 Last updated: 2016-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Axelsson, AmandaKarlberg, Emma
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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