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Occupational balance and associated factors among students during higher education within healthcare and social work in Sweden: a multicentre repeated cross-sectional study
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön hälsa, hållbarhet och digitalisering. (Family-Centred Health (FamCeH))ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7368-953X
School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Sweden.
School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad University, Sweden ; Research and Development Centre, Spenshult AB, Oskarström, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4341-660X
Department of Health and Rehabilitation, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-6187-0929
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2024 (engelsk)Inngår i: BMJ Open, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 14, nr 4, artikkel-id e080995Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective The aim was to explore whether occupational balance is associated with health, health-promoting resources, healthy lifestyle and social study factors among students during higher education within healthcare and social work.

Design The study has a multicentre repeated cross-sectional design. Data were collected via a self-reported, web-based questionnaire based on the validated instruments: the 11-item Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ11), the Sense of Coherence (SOC) Scale, the Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) and five questions from the General Nordic Questionnaire (QPS Nordic) together with questions about general health and lifestyle factors.

Setting Students at six universities in western Sweden at one of the following healthcare or social work programmes: biomedical scientists, dental hygienists, nurses, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, radiology nurses and social workers.

Participants Of 2283 students, 851 (37.3%) participated.

Results The students experienced that occupational balance increased during education. The total OBQ11 score was higher among students in semesters 4 and 6/7, compared with semester 1 students. Students with higher OBQ11 also reported higher SOC throughout their education, while health seemed to decrease. Students who reported higher levels of OBQ11 reported lower levels of health and well-being in semesters 4 and 6/7, compared with semester 1. There was an opposite pattern for students reporting lower levels of OBQ11.

Conclusions The association between higher levels of OBQ11 and lower levels of health and well-being is remarkable. There is a need for more research on this contradiction and what it means for students’ health and well-being in the long run.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2024. Vol. 14, nr 4, artikkel-id e080995
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Familjecentrerad hälsa (FamCeH); Välbefinnande vid långvariga hälsoproblem (WeLHP)
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-23741DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2023-080995ISI: 001207681900001PubMedID: 38643013Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85191106447OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-23741DiVA, id: diva2:1853214
Forskningsfinansiär
Region Västra Götaland
Merknad

CC BY-NC

Correspondence to Dr Margaretha Larsson; margaretha.larsson@his.se

This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or notfor-profit sectors. This work was supported by the six universities in the Swedish framework for 'Health Research in Collaboration' and Region Västra Götaland, which jointly finance the cost of project management (IA). All the authors receive regular research support from their respective universities.

Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-04-22 Laget: 2024-04-22 Sist oppdatert: 2024-05-20bibliografisk kontrollert

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