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Skolsköterskans erfarenheter av att identifiera psykisk ohälsa hos elever: En kvalitativ intervjustudie
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
2023 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The school nurse's experience of identifying mental illness in students : A qualitative interview study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Psykisk ohälsa ökar hos barn och ungdomar och är ett stort samhällsproblem. Skolsköterskan träffar alla elever i skolan genom hälsosamtalet. Om skolsköterskan identifierar elever som visar tecken på psykisk ohälsa kan tidiga insatser sättas in för att stötta elever och minska risken för allvarlig psykisk ohälsa.

Syfte: Studiens syfte var dels att belysa skolsköterskans erfarenheter av att identifiera psykisk ohälsa hos elever och dels hur hälsosamtalet som verktyg kan vara hjälpsamt.

Metod: Studien har genomförts som en kvalitativ intervjustudie med induktiv ansats. Datainsamlingen har skett genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio skolsköterskor. En intervjuguide med frågeområden har använts. För att analysera resultatet har en kvalitativ innehållsanalys använts.

Resultat: I resultatet framkom tre kategorier; En möjlighet att skapa en relation, Ett stöd och redskap och Skolsköterskans förhållningssätt. Från resultatet framkom temat: Skolsköterskans relationsskapande och engagemang har betydelse för att identifiera psykisk ohälsa hos elever.

Slutsats: Genom hälsosamtalet kunde en relation skapas som underlättade för eleven att söka skolsköterskan vid senare tillfälle. För att identifiera den psykiska ohälsan var det betydelsefullt att ge eleven tid och utrymme i samtalet men också att lyssna och se hela eleven. Skolsköterskans förhållningssätt gentemot eleven hade en betydande roll för att skapa ett förtroende.

Abstract [en]

Background: Mental illness is increasing among children and adolescents and is a major social problem. The school nurse meets all students at school through the health dialogues. If the school nurse identifies students who show signs of mental illness, early intervention can be implemented to support students and reduce the risk of serious mental illness.

Aim: The purpose of the study was partly to investigate the school nurse's experiences of identifying mental illness in students and how the health dialogue can help out as a tool for them.

Method: The study has been conducted as a qualitative interview study with an inductive approach. Data collection has been carried out through semi-structured interviews with ten participating school nurses. An interview guide with question areas has been used. To analyze the results, a qualitative content analysis has been used.

Results: The result showed three main categories; An opportunity to create a relationship, A support and tool as well as the School Nurse's approach. From the results, the theme that emerged was: The school nurse's relationship-building and commitment are meaningful for identifying mental illness in students. 

Conclusion: Through the health dialogue, a relationship could be built that made it easier for the student to contact the school nurse on a later occasion. In order to identify mental illness, it was important to give the student time and space in the conversation, but also to listen and look at the whole person. The school nurse's attitude towards the student played a significant role in creating trust.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 37
Keywords [en]
Health dialogue, Mental illness, Students, School nurse, Person centered care
Keywords [sv]
Elever, Hälsosamtal, Personcentrerad vård, Psykisk ohälsa, Skolsköterska
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-22721OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-22721DiVA, id: diva2:1769004
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
School Nurse - Specialist Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-06-16 Created: 2023-06-16 Last updated: 2023-06-16Bibliographically approved

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