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Childhood social class and cognitive aging in the Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging
Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet & Stockholm University, Sweden.
Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden ; Institute for Gerontology, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-6305-8993
Vise andre og tillknytning
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 114, nr 27, s. 7001-7006Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In this report we analyzed genetically informative data to investigate within-person change and between-person differences in late-life cognitive abilities as a function of childhood social class. We used data from nine testing occasions spanning 28 y in the Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging and parental social class based on the Swedish socioeconomic index. Cognitive ability included a general factor and the four domains of verbal, fluid, memory, and perceptual speed. Latent growth curve models of the longitudinal data tested whether level and change in cognitive performance differed as a function of childhood social class. Between-within twin-pair analyses were performed on twins reared apart to assess familial confounding. Childhood social class was significantly associated with mean-level cognitive performance at age 65 y, but not with rate of cognitive change. The association decreased in magnitude but remained significant after adjustments for level of education and the degree to which the rearing family was supportive toward education. A between-pair effect of childhood social class was significant in all cognitive domains, whereas within-pair estimates were attenuated, indicating genetic confounding. Thus, childhood social class is important for cognitive performance in adulthood on a population level, but the association is largely attributable to genetic influences.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
National Academy of Sciences , 2017. Vol. 114, nr 27, s. 7001-7006
Emneord [en]
childhood social class, cognitive aging, adoption, twins
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-21866DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1620603114ISI: 000404576100053PubMedID: 28630290Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85021747712OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-21866DiVA, id: diva2:1699214
Forskningsfinansiär
NIH (National Institutes of Health), R01 AG04563NIH (National Institutes of Health), R01 AG10175Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 97:0147:1BForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-0795Swedish Research Council, 825-2007-7460Swedish Research Council, 825-2009-6141NIH (National Institutes of Health), R01 AG037985NIH (National Institutes of Health), R56 AG037985Swedish Research Council, 2013-08689Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2013-02292
Merknad

SATSA was supported by NIH Grants R01 AG04563 and R01 AG10175, the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Successful Aging, the Swedish Research Council for Working Life and Social Research (FAS; Grants 97:0147:1B, 2009-0795), and the Swedish Research Council Grants (825-2007-7460 and 825-2009-6141). This work was supported by NIH Grants R01 AG037985 and R56 AG037985, the Swedish Research Council Grant (2013-08689), and FORTE (the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life, and Welfare; Grant 2013-02292).

Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-09-27 Laget: 2022-09-27 Sist oppdatert: 2022-10-31bibliografisk kontrollert

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