Högskolan i Skövde

his.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • apa-cv
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Dietary intake and meal patterns among young adults with high caries activity: a cross-sectional study
Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Department of Behavioral and Community Dentistry, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden ; Public Dental Service, Region Västra Götaland, Sweden.
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences. University of Skövde, Digital Health Research (DHEAR). (Medborgarcentrerad hälsa MeCH, Research on Citizen Centered Health, University of Skövde (Reacch US))ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0663-4712
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences. University of Skövde, Digital Health Research (DHEAR). (Medborgarcentrerad hälsa MeCH, Research on Citizen Centered Health, University of Skövde (Reacch US))ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4397-3721
Show others and affiliations
2022 (English)In: BMC Oral Health, ISSN 1472-6831, E-ISSN 1472-6831, Vol. 22, article id 190Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Dental caries is a multifactorial disease that is highly dependent on diet, where a lower consumption and intake frequency of sugar would be favorable. The aims were (i) to examine dietary intake and meal patterns, more specifically sugar intake and foods high in sugar, among young adults with high caries activity, and (ii) to investigate the association between dietary and meal patterns consumption, and level of caries activity.

Methods

This study presents baseline data from an ongoing randomized controlled trial. A total of 50 young adults (aged 23.0 ± 3.0 years) with ≥ 2 decayed tooth surfaces were included. Dietary intake was captured with a 59-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and a three-day food diary. Adherence to dietary guidelines was analyzed by comparing the dietary intake to the Nordic Nutritional Recommendations (NNR) 2012 and by using the Healthy Dietary Adherence score (HDAS). Participants were categorized into two groups: (i) the Caries group with 2–4 decayed surfaces, and (ii) the High caries group with ≥ 5 decayed surfaces.

Results

The High caries group reported a statistically significantly higher snack and total meal intake compared to the Caries group, as well as a sugar intake exceeding the Nordic nutritional recommendations. The majority of the participants reported a high intake frequency (> 2.5/day) of sweet foods and drinks and less than one intake of fruit and vegetables, respectively, per day. Similar results were found when analyzing adherence by using the HDAS, where the lowest adherence according to dietary guidelines was shown for the food groups of sugar, whole meal products, and fruit and vegetables.

Conclusion

The results indicated a high intake of sugar and low intake of fruit, vegetables, and fiber in high caries-active individuals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2022. Vol. 22, article id 190
Keywords [en]
Oral health, Dental caries, Sugar, Dietary intake, Meal patterns, Young adults
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Research on Citizen Centered Health, University of Skövde (Reacch US)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-21161DOI: 10.1186/s12903-022-02227-wISI: 000797976100005PubMedID: 35590301Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85130417196OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-21161DiVA, id: diva2:1659757
Funder
University of GothenburgRegion Västra Götaland
Note

CC BY 4.0

"BMC part of Springer Nature"

© The Author(s) 2022. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.

Funding: The authors disclosed receipt of the following financialsupport for the research, authorship, and/or publication of thisarticle: This work was supported by the School of Health Science sand the Research Group Family Centered Health (FamCeH), University of Skövde, Sweden; Regionhälsan Midwifery Unit, Västra Götalandsregionen, Sweden; School of Informatics, University of Skövde, Sweden; Skaraborgs Hospital, Skövde, Sweden; Chalmers Innovationskontoret, Sweden.

Available from: 2022-05-20 Created: 2022-05-20 Last updated: 2022-09-02Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(781 kB)127 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 781 kBChecksum SHA-512
4c9c4228b8dd43f1aa3b485845bba2c557eabf3f5cc182f551fd5eb57577cb2f33c0714b80e3de292caed36323d8c22e71b1b74c55b45ac697eab3da03f488da
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Authority records

Arvidsson, LouiseEiben, Gabriele

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Arvidsson, LouiseEiben, Gabriele
By organisation
School of Health SciencesDigital Health Research (DHEAR)
In the same journal
BMC Oral Health
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 127 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 125 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • apa-cv
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf