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Samband mellan vuxnas resvanor och deras kunskap om antibiotikaresistenta bakterier: En enkätstudie
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
2021 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Relationship between adults' travel habits and their knowledge of antibiotic resistant bacteria : A survey (English)
Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Antibiotikaresistens är ett globalt hot mot folkhälsan. Resistensen gör att det blir svårare att bota infektioner och sjukdomar. Idag är det även lättare att resa mellan olika länder, vilket underlättar smittspridningen av resistenta bakterier. Personer utsätter sig för onödiga risker när de reser, framför allt gällande resor till länder med stor problematik av antibiotikaresistenta bakterier. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka vuxna personers resvanor och deras samband med kunskap om antibiotikaresistenta bakterier. Metod: En enkätstudie delades på sociala medier som 80 st vuxna män och kvinnor besvarade. För att analysera materialet användes chi-två test i statistikprogrammet SPSS. Resultat: Det var få signifikanta resultat i studien, men det gick att se att det finns en kunskapsbrist när det kommer till antibiotikaresistenta bakterier. Riskbenägenheten skiljer sig mellan olika åldersgruppen och skulle kunna jämnas ut med mer kunskap. Det är även få som läst information från Folkhälsomyndigheten som är en stor kunskapskälla om resistenta bakterier och en viktig del i sprida kunskap. Slutsats: I studien gick det att se att mer kunskap om resistenta bakterier, dess risker och spridning behövs. Det gick också se att när information om reserestriktiner kom följde större delen av respondenterna detta. Detta skulle kunna betyda att folk lyssnar på råd och följer dem när de vet vad riskerna är.

Abstract [en]

Introduction: Antibiotic resistance is a global threat to public health. Resistance makes it more difficult to cure infections and diseases. Today, it is also easier to travel between different countries, which facilitates the spread of resistant bacteria. People are exposed to unnecessary risks when they travel, especially to countries with major problems with antibiotic resistance. Aim: The purpose of the study was to investigate adults' travel habits and their connection with knowledge about antibiotic resistant bacteria. Method: A survey was shared on social media, which was answered by 80 adult men and women. To analyze the material, chi-two tests were used in the statistical program SPSS. Results: There were few significant results in the study, but it could be seen that there is a lack of knowledge when it comes to antibiotic resistance. The willingness to take risks differs between different age groups and could be leveled out with more knowledge. There are also few who have read information from the Swedish Public Health Agency, which is a major source of knowledge about resistance and an important part of disseminating knowledge. Conclusion: The study showed that more knowledge about antibiotic resistance, its risks and spread is needed. It was also seen that when information about travel restrictions came, most of the respondents followed this. This could mean that people listen to advice and follow it when they know what the risks are.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
Public health, Antibiotic resistance, Travel, Covid-19, Knowledge
Keywords [sv]
Folkhälsovetenskap, Antibiotikaresistens, Resa, Covid-19, Kunskap
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-20902OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-20902DiVA, id: diva2:1636093
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Public Health Science: Infection Prevention and Control - Master’s Programme 60 ECTS
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-02-08 Created: 2022-02-08 Last updated: 2022-02-08Bibliographically approved

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