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När livet är begränsat: Att leva med obotlig cancer
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Health Sciences.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
When life is limited : Living with terminal cancer (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Cancer är den största dödsorsaken för individer under 80 år i världen. År 2018 vårdades cirka 40 miljoner individer med palliativ vård, därför är det viktigt att sjuksköterskor har vetskap kring vad en god palliativ vård innebär. Cancer har både fysisk och psykisk påverkan på individernas liv vilket kan orsaka ett lidande. Syfte: Syftet med studien är att beskriva yngre vuxna individers upplevelser av att leva och vårdas med en obotlig cancersjukdom. Metod: Metoden var en kvalitativ innehållsanalys där datainsamlingen gjordes genom fyra narrativa berättelser i självbiografier. Resultat: Resultatet presenteras i fyra teman samt elva subteman. Människor i omgivningen hade en stor betydelse för individerna då de utgjorde ett stöd. Sjukdomen medförde fysisk påverkan genom biverkningar, symtom och en förändrad självbild medan psykisk påverkan kunde innefatta stark emotionell påverkan och existentiella tankar. Slutsats: Livet vändes upp och ner vid cancerbeskedet och individerna var tvungna att börja identifiera sig med sjukdomen. Cancer bidrog till lidande men genom acceptans kunde välbefinnande trots sjukdom uppnås. Det var viktigt att vårdgivare kunde bemöta unika tankar och behov för att skapa möjlighet till en god relation.

Abstract [en]

Background: Cancer is the leading cause of death for individuals under 80 in the world. In 2018 about 40 million individuals were in need of palliative care, therefore it`s important that nurses have knowledge of what good palliative care means. Cancer has both physical and mental impact on individuals’ lives, which can cause suffering. Aim: The aim of the study is to describe younger adults’ experiences of living and being cared for with terminal cancer. Method: The method was a qualitative content analysis in which data collection was done through four narrative stories in autobiographies. Results: The results were presented in four themes and eleven sub-themes. People in the surroundings were of great importance to the individuals as they provided support. The illness led to physical impact through side effects, symptoms and a changed self-image, while psychological impact could include strong emotional impact and existential thoughts. Conclusion: Life was turned upside down by the cancer diagnosis and the individuals hadto start identifying themselves with the disease. Cancer contributed to suffering but through acceptance, well-being despite disease could be achieved. It was important for caregivers to respond to unique thoughts and needs to create opportunities for a good relationship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 29
Keywords [en]
Existential thoughts, Experiences, Health and well-being, Suffering, Terminal cancer
Keywords [sv]
Existentiella tankar, Hälsa och välbefinnande, Lidande, Obotlig cancer, Upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-18365OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-18365DiVA, id: diva2:1422051
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Nursing - Study Programme
Supervisors
Available from: 2020-04-06 Created: 2020-04-06 Last updated: 2020-04-06Bibliographically approved

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