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Dairy consumption at snack meal occasions and the overall quality of diet during childhood: Prospective and cross-sectional analyses from the idefics/i.family cohort
Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development (GENUD) Research Group, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain / Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2), 50013, Zaragoza, Spain / Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Aragón (IIS Aragón); 50009 Zaragoza, Spain / Red de Salud Materno-infantil y del Desarrollo (SAMID), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain.
Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology—BIPS, 28359 Bremen, Germany / Institute of Statistics, Bremen University, 28359 Bremen, Germany.
Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development (GENUD) Research Group, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain / Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2), 50013, Zaragoza, Spain / Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Aragón (IIS Aragón); 50009 Zaragoza, Spain / Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain.
Epidemiology and Prevention Unit, Department of Preventive & Predictive Medicine, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, 20133 Milan, Italy.
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2020 (English)In: Nutrients, ISSN 2072-6643, E-ISSN 2072-6643, Vol. 12, no 3, article id 642Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is scarce information on the influence of dairy consumption between main meals on the overall diet quality through childhood, constituting the main aim of this research. From the Identification and prevention of Dietary-and lifestyle induced health EFfects In Children and infantS (IDEFICS) study, and based on the data availability in each period due to drop outs, 8807 children aged 2 to 9.9 years from eight European countries at baseline (T0: 2007–2008); 5085 children after two years (T1); and 1991 after four years (T3), were included in these analyses. Dietary intake and the Diet Quality Index (DQI) were assessed by two 24 hours dietary recalls (24-HDR) and food frequency questionnaire. Consumption of milk and yogurt (p = 0.04) and cheese (p < 0.001) at snack meal occasions was associated with higher DQI scores in T0; milk and yogurt (p < 0.001), and cheese (p < 0.001) in T1; and cheese (p = 0.05) in T3. Consumers of milk (p = 0.02), yogurt (p < 0.001), or cheese (p < 0.001) throughout T0 and T1 at all snack moments had significantly higher scores of DQI compared to non-consumers. This was also observed with the consumption of cheese between T1 and T3 (p = 0.03). Consumption of dairy products at snack moments through childhood is associated with a better overall diet quality, being a good strategy to improve it in this period. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020. Vol. 12, no 3, article id 642
Keywords [en]
Children, Dairy, Diet quality, Snack
National Category
Nutrition and Dietetics Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-18335DOI: 10.3390/nu12030642PubMedID: 32121167Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85080858522OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-18335DiVA, id: diva2:1416037
Note

consortia on behalf of the IDEFICS/I.Family

Available from: 2020-03-20 Created: 2020-03-20 Last updated: 2020-03-24

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Eiben, Gabriele

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1819202122232421 of 34
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