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Individuals with dark traits have the ability but not the disposition to empathize
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsmiljön Systembiologi. Department of Social and Behavioral Studies, University West, Sweden / Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. (Kognitiv neurovetenskap och filosofi, Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience)ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0629-353X
Department of Social and Behavioral Studies, University West, Sweden.
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 155, artikkel-id 109716Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Empathy is fundamental to social cognition and societal values. Empathy is theorized as having both the ability as well as the disposition to imagine the content of other peoples minds. We tested whether the notorious low empathy in dark personalities (Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism; the Dark Triad) is best characterized by a lack of capacity (ability) or lack of disposition (trait). Data was collected for 278 international participants through an anonymous online survey shared on the online platform LinkedIn, consisting of trait-based Dark Triad personality (SD3) and empathy (IRI), and cognitive ability (ICAR16) and ability-based empathy (MET). Dark personality traits had no relationship with ability-based empathy, but strongly so with trait-based empathy (beta = -0.47). Instead, cognitive ability explained ability-based empathy (beta = 0.31). The finding is that dark personalities in a community sample is normally cognizant to empathize but has a low disposition to do so. This finding may help shed further light on how personality is interlinked with ability.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 155, artikkel-id 109716
Emneord [en]
Personality, Dark triad, Empathy, Cognitive ability
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Kognitiv neurovetenskap och filosofi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-18228DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2019.109716ISI: 000509614900023Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85075873147OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-18228DiVA, id: diva2:1397058
Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-02-27 Laget: 2020-02-27 Sist oppdatert: 2020-04-22bibliografisk kontrollert

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