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Requirements for Robotic Interpretation of Social Signals “in the Wild”: Insights from Diagnostic Criteria of Autism Spectrum Disorder
Centre for Robotics and Neural Systems, University of Plymouth, UK.
Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.
Lincoln Centre for Autonomous Systems, School of Computer Science, University of Lincoln, UK.
University of Skövde, School of Informatics. University of Skövde, Informatics Research Environment. Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands. (Interaction Lab)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1177-4119
2020 (English)In: Information, E-ISSN 2078-2489, Information, E-ISSN 2078-2489, Vol. 11, no 2, article id 81Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The last few decades have seen widespread advances in technological means to characterise observable aspects of human behaviour such as gaze or posture. Among others, these developments have also led to significant advances in social robotics. At the same time, however, social robots are still largely evaluated in idealised or laboratory conditions, and it remains unclear whether the technological progress is sufficient to let such robots move “into the wild”. In this paper, we characterise the problems that a social robot in the real world may face, and review the technological state of the art in terms of addressing these. We do this by considering what it would entail to automate the diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Just as for social robotics, ASD diagnosis fundamentally requires the ability to characterise human behaviour from observable aspects. However, therapists provide clear criteria regarding what to look for. As such, ASD diagnosis is a situation that is both relevant to real-world social robotics and comes with clear metrics. Overall, we demonstrate that even with relatively clear therapist-provided criteria and current technological progress, the need to interpret covert behaviour cannot yet be fully addressed. Our discussions have clear implications for ASD diagnosis, but also for social robotics more generally. For ASD diagnosis, we provide a classification of criteria based on whether or not they depend on covert information and highlight present-day possibilities for supporting therapists in diagnosis through technological means. For social robotics, we highlight the fundamental role of covert behaviour, show that the current state-of-the-art is unable to charact

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020. Vol. 11, no 2, article id 81
Keywords [en]
autism spectrum disorder, diagnosis, technology, behaviour
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Interaction Lab (ILAB)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-18184DOI: 10.3390/info11020081OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-18184DiVA, id: diva2:1390767
Note

This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Social Robots

Available from: 2020-02-03 Created: 2020-02-03 Last updated: 2020-02-04Bibliographically approved

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Thill, Serge

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5678910118 of 13
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