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Association of health status and health behaviors with weight satisfaction vs. Body image concern: Analysis of 5888 undergraduates in Egypt, Palestine, and Finland
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education. University of Skövde, Health and Education. Department of Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar / College of Medicine, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar / Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Gloucestershire, Gloucester, United Kingdom. (Individ och samhälle VIDSOC)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0961-1302
Unit for Health Promotion Research, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark.
2019 (English)In: Nutrients, ISSN 2072-6643, E-ISSN 2072-6643, Vol. 11, no 12, article id 2860Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Little is known about the relationships between weight satisfaction, body image concern, healthy nutrition, health awareness, and physical activity among college students across culturally different countries. We assessed country and sex-specific associations between health status (self-rated health, depression, BMI), healthy behavior (healthy nutrition, physical activity, health awareness), weight satisfaction, and body image concern via a cross-sectional survey (5888 undergraduates) in Egypt, Palestine, and Finland. This health and wellbeing survey employed identical self-administered paper questionnaires administered at several Universities in two Eastern Mediterranean countries (Egypt, Palestine—Gaza Strip), and an online-survey comprising the same questions in Finland. Regression analyses were employed. Health status variables exhibited the strongest associations; high BMI and more depressive symptoms were more often among students satisfied with their weight (except in Palestine), but they were positively associated with body image concern irrespective of country or gender. Self-rated health was not associated with body image concern or weight satisfaction. Healthy behaviors were not associated with body image concern or weight satisfaction. Depressive symptoms and BMI were the most prominent predictors for body image concern. There were country-specific consistent results when using the body image concern score. Further research is necessary to compare body image across different cultures and countries. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019. Vol. 11, no 12, article id 2860
Keywords [en]
body image, college students, depressive symptoms, health awareness, health behaviors, healthy nutrition, physical activity, weight satisfaction, adolescent, adult, article, awareness, Beck Depression Inventory, body mass, body weight management, body weight satisfaction, cross-sectional study, depression, female, health behavior, health status, human, income, Likert scale, major clinical study, male, nutrition, obesity, physical well-being, practice guideline, questionnaire, self rated general health, social stratification, university student
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17991DOI: 10.3390/nu11122860PubMedID: 31766557Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85075404215OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-17991DiVA, id: diva2:1377317
Available from: 2019-12-11 Created: 2019-12-11 Last updated: 2019-12-17Bibliographically approved

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El Ansari, Walid

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