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ADHD och risken för kriminellt beteende senare i livet: en litteraturöversikt
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
ADHD and criminal behaviour later in life : a literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inledning

ADHD är en neuropsykiatrisk störning som tillhör spektret av neuro-kognitiva funktionsstörningar och den ökar risken för att hamna i kriminalitet senare. Individer med denna störning kan vara inkapabla att styra sina impulser vilket gör att individerna med problematiken inte har ett funktionellt konsekvenstänk. ADHD är också något som ökar risken för missbruk och destruktivt beteende.

Metod

En litteraturöversikt med tio vetenskapliga artiklar användes i studien för grunden till resultatet. Artiklarna granskades och bearbetades för att få en så stark tillförlitlighet som möjligt. Databasen som användes var Pubmed och träffarna enligt sökorden var många men de slutligt inkluderade studierna valdes ut noggrant utifrån avgränsning av syften samt relevansen för det valda området.

Syfte

Litteraturstudiens syfte var att ta reda på kopplingen mellan diagnosen ADHD samt risken för kriminellt beteende senare i livet.

Resultat

Diagnosen ADHD uppvisade ett tydligt samband med senare missbruksproblematik och personer med denna diagnos hade klart oftare tvångsvårdats under sin barndom eller ungdom och hade även under sitt liv suttit oftare än andra i fängelse på grund av kriminella gärningar och hade fler rubriceringar i brottsartiklarna. De ungdomar med ADHD och utvecklat missbruk hade presterat sämre på prov och tester i skolan och visat sämre kognitiva resultat än de ungdomar som inte hade diagnosen ADHD.

Diskussion

Tydliga resultat var gemensamma för många av de valda artiklarna då det fanns ett tydligt samband mellan diagnosticerad ADHD och kriminellt beteende senare i livet. Flera av artiklarna tar upp att ungdomar med diagnosen ADHD har uppenbara problem i skolgången och att detta i sin tur leder till utanförskap samt dålig social anpassning.

Abstract [en]

Introduction

ADHD is a neuropsychiatric disorder belonging to the spectrum of neuro-cognitive functional that increases the risk of getting into crime later in life. Individuals with the disorder may be incapable of controlling their impulses, which means that the individuals with the problem is not capable of evaluating consequences of his/her behavior. ADHD is also something that increases the risk of becoming a victim of abuse and destructive behavior

Method

A literature review with 10 knowledge-based articles was used in the study for the basis of the result. The articles were reviewed and processed to obtain as strong a reliability as possible. The database launched was Pubmed which gave many hits according to the keywords but the included studies were carefully selected based on the delimitation by the aim of the study and the relevance of the chosen area.

Purpose

The aim of the work was to explore the connection between the diagnosis of ADHD and subsequent risk of criminal behavior.

Results

Adolescents diagnosed with ADHD showed a clear increased risk of developing addiction problems. The ADHD symptoms had often become more difficult during childhood or adolescence and persons with ADHD were also more probably imprisoned as adults. The most common drugs that were used by the individuals with ADHD and had developed addiction were stimulants such as alcohol and benzodiazepines. The adolescents with ADHD and developed addiction had performed significantly poorer in tests and in school and showed poorer results than those who had not diagnosed ADHD

Discussion Clear results were common to many of the selected articles as there was a clear correlation between ADHD and risk of becoming a victim of abuse and subsequent criminal behavior. Several of the articles mention that young people with the diagnosis of ADHD have obvious problems in gaining education and that this in turn leads to exclusion and poor social adaptation

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
ADHD, children, prevalence, intervention, Sweden, criminality
Keywords [sv]
ADHD, missbruk, mediciner, kriminalitet, barn, ungdomar, utanförskap, skola, interventioner
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17801OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-17801DiVA, id: diva2:1362606
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Educational program
Public Health Sciences
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-10-21 Created: 2019-10-21 Last updated: 2019-10-21Bibliographically approved

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