his.sePublications
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Healthy learning mind – Effectiveness of a mindfulness program on mental health compared to a relaxation program and teaching as usual in schools: A cluster-randomised controlled trial
Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland / Clinicum, Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland.
Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Finland.
Social Psychology Unit, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Helsinki, Finland.
National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland.
Show others and affiliations
2020 (English)In: Journal of Affective Disorders, ISSN 0165-0327, E-ISSN 1573-2517, Vol. 260, p. 660-669Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBIs) have shown promising effects on mental health among children and adolescents, but high-quality studies examining the topic are lacking. The present study assessed the effects of MBI on mental health in school-setting in an extensive randomised controlled trial. Methods: Finnish school children and adolescents (N = 3519), aged 12–15 years (6th to 8th graders), from 56 schools were randomized into a 9 week MBI group, and control groups with a relaxation program or teaching as usual. The primary outcomes were resilience, socio-emotional functioning, and depressive symptoms at baseline, at completion of the programs at 9 weeks (T9), and at follow-up at 26 weeks (T26). Results: Overall, mindfulness did not show more beneficial effects on the primary outcomes compared to the controls except for resilience for which a positive intervention effect was found at T9 in all participants (β=1.18, SE 0.57, p = 0.04) as compared to the relaxation group. In addition, in gender and grade related analyses, MBI lowered depressive symptoms in girls at T26 (β=−0.49, SE 0.21, p = 0.02) and improved socio-emotional functioning at T9 (β=−1.37, SE 0.69, p = 0.049) and at T26 (β=−1.71, SE 0.73, p = 0.02) among 7th graders as compared to relaxation. Limitations: The inactive control group was smaller than the intervention and active control groups, reducing statistical power. Conclusions: A short 9-week MBI in school-setting provides slight benefits over a relaxation program and teaching as usual. Future research should investigate whether embedding regular mindfulness-based practice in curriculums could intensify the effects. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 260, p. 660-669
Keywords [en]
Mental health promotion, Mindfulness, Randomized controlled trial, School-based intervention
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Individual and Society VIDSOC
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17756DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2019.08.087ISI: 000490428300083PubMedID: 31546105Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85072510110OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-17756DiVA, id: diva2:1357716
Available from: 2019-10-04 Created: 2019-10-04 Last updated: 2019-10-31Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(590 kB)17 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 590 kBChecksum SHA-512
d56765733ba5a2bb5e2bbbb33f8bb0c0872b8efff2a3b2460534550ee90536fef9eeb6a0530534ff5f5c439cf0d8ce9e1704ce15da82cf06e940170fb9a016bd
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Authority records BETA

Suominen, Sakari

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Suominen, Sakari
By organisation
School of Health and EducationHealth and Education
In the same journal
Journal of Affective Disorders
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 17 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 102 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf