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Relative Validity of a Food and Beverage Preference Questionnaire to Characterize Taste Phenotypes in Children Adolescents and Adults
Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology—BIPS, Germany / Institute for Public Health and Nursing Science, University of Bremen, Germany.
Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology—BIPS, Germany.
Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Belgium.
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande. (Individ och samhälle, Individual and Society VIDSOC)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4397-3721
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2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Nutrients, ISSN 2072-6643, E-ISSN 2072-6643, Vol. 11, nr 7, artikkel-id 1453Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

To assess the relative validity of our food and beverage preference questionnaire we investigated the association between sweet and fatty taste preference scores (assessed using a food and beverage preference questionnaire) and sweet and fatty food propensity scores (derived from a food frequency questionnaire). In I.Family, a large European multi-country cohort study, 12,207 participants from Cyprus, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Spain and Sweden, including 5291 adults, 3082 adolescents, and 3834 children, completed a food and beverage preference questionnaire with 63 items. Cumulative preference scores for sweet and fatty taste were calculated from the single item ranking ranging from 1 to 5. The relative consumption frequency of foods classified as sweet and fatty was used to calculate the corresponding consumption propensities, a continuous variable ranging from 0 to 100. We conducted regression analyses to investigate the association between sweet and fatty taste preference scores and sweet and fatty food propensity scores, respectively, separately for adults, adolescents >= 12 years, and for children <12 years. The overall sweet taste preference score was positively associated with the sweet food consumption propensity score (beta = 2.4, 95% CI: 2.1;2.7) and the fatty taste preference score was positively associated with the fatty food consumption propensity score (beta = 2.0, 95% CI: 1.8;2.2). After stratification for age (children <12 years, adolescents >= 12 years, and adults), the effect remained significant in all age groups and was strongest in adolescents and adults. We conclude that our food and beverage preference questionnaire is a useful instrument for epidemiological studies on sensory perception and health outcomes and for the characterization of sensory taste phenotypes.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
MDPI, 2019. Vol. 11, nr 7, artikkel-id 1453
Emneord [en]
taste preference questionnaire, validation, European children, adolescents, adults
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Individ och samhälle VIDSOC
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-17577DOI: 10.3390/nu11071453ISI: 000478885400030PubMedID: 31252542Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85067061506OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-17577DiVA, id: diva2:1345269
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-08-23 Laget: 2019-08-23 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-18bibliografisk kontrollert

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