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How to test the threat-simulation theory
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2771-1588
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för kommunikation och information.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5133-8664
2008 (engelsk)Inngår i: Consciousness and Cognition, ISSN 1053-8100, E-ISSN 1090-2376, Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 1292-1296Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Malcolm-Smith, Solms, Turnbull and Treduoux (Malcolm-Smith, S., Solms, M., Turnbull, O., & Tredoux, C. (2008). Threat in dreams; An adaptiation? Consciousness and Cognition, 17, 1281-1291.) have made an attempt to test the Threat-Simulation Theory (TST), a theory offering an evolutionary psychological explanation for the function of dreaming (Revonsuo, A. (2000a). The reinterpretation of dreams: An evolutionary hypothesis of the function of dreaming. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 23(6), 877-901). Malcolm-Smith et al. argue that empirical evidence from their own study as well as from some other studies in the literature does not support the main predictions of the TST: that threatening events are frequent and overrepresented in dreams, that exposure to real threats activates the threat-simulation system, and that dream threats contain realistic rehearsals of threat avoidance responses. Other studies, including or own, have come up with results and conclusions that are in conflict with those of Malcolm-Smith et al. In this commentary, we provide an analysis of the sources of these disagreements, and their implications to the TST. Much of the disagreement seems to stem from differing interpretations of the theory and, consequently, of differing methods to test it.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2008. Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 1292-1296
Emneord [en]
Evolutionary psychology, The function of dreaming, The threat-simulation theory, Dream content
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Naturvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-2474DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2008.01.007ISI: 000261558600024PubMedID: 18325788Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-55749090406OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-2474DiVA, id: diva2:132617
Tilgjengelig fra: 2008-12-22 Laget: 2008-12-22 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-14bibliografisk kontrollert

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