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Sex differences in personality are larger in gender equal countries: Replicating and extending a surprising finding
Department of psychology, University of Gothenburg.
University of Skövde, School of Bioscience. University of Skövde, The Systems Biology Research Centre. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden / Department of Behavioral Sciences, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden. (Kognitiv neurovetenskap och filosofi, Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0629-353X
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0020-7594, E-ISSN 1464-066XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Sex differences in personality have been shown to be larger in more gender equal countries. We advance this researchby using an extensive personality measure, the IPIP-NEO-120, with large country samples (N > 1000), from 22countries. Furthermore, to capture the multidimensionality of personality we measure sex differences with a multivariateeffect size (Mahalanobis distance D). Results indicate that past research, using univariate measures of effect size, haveunderestimated the size of between-country sex differences in personality. Confirming past research, there was a strongcorrelation (r = .69) between a country’s sex differences in personality and their Gender Equality Index. Additionalanalyses showed that women typically score higher than men on all five trait factors (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness), and that these relative differences are larger in more gender equal countries. Wespeculate that as gender equality increases both men and women gravitate towards their traditional gender roles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
personality, big five, sex differences, gender equality, country comparisons
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Evolutionary Biology
Research subject
Consciousness and Cognitive Neuroscience
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-16256DOI: 10.1002/ijop.12529PubMedID: 30206941Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053411189OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-16256DiVA, id: diva2:1252470
Available from: 2018-10-01 Created: 2018-10-01 Last updated: 2019-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Kajonius, Petri J.

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CiteExportLink to record
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