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Alltid redo: En fenomenologisk studie om undersköterskors arbetsliv
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
University of Skövde, School of Health and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
On duty : Assistant nurses’ working life: a phenomenological study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sjukvårdsorganisationer står inför stora utmaningar när andelen äldre i befolkningen ökar. Undersköterskor inom äldreomsorgen är en yrkeskategori som det ställs höga krav på eftersom de står för huvuddelen av den praktiska patientvården. Sjukskrivningarna ökar och ur ett nationellt perspektiv sticker Västsverige ut med särskilt höga sjukskrivningstal.

Syftet med föreliggande studie var att få en djupare förståelse för undersköterskors subjektiva upplevelser av arbetslivet inom kommunal äldreomsorg.

En kvalitativ fenomenologisk metod med tematisk analys tillämpades med semistrukturerade intervjuer som datainsamlingsmetod. Tio undersköterskor från en kommun i regionen deltog. Intervjuerna transkriberades och kodades.

I resultatet utkristalliserades tre teman och åtta underteman/kategorier: Arbetsuppgifter (praktiska arbetsuppgifter, sociala arbetsuppgifter, osynliga arbetsuppgifter), Organisering (formell organisation, informell organisation, omorganisation), och Välbefinnande (ökar välbefinnandet samt minskar välbefinnandet).

De socialpsykologiska teoretiska utgångspunkter som ligger till grund för analysen är social utbytesteori samt gruppsykologi.

Resultaten visade att upplevelser av arbetslivet till stor del präglas av sociala relationer, både inom arbetsgruppen och mellan vårdtagare - undersköterska. Själva arbetsuppgifterna var mindre framträdande när det kom till meningsskapandet kring vad som upplevs påverka välbefinnandet i yrkeslivet.

Abstract [en]

Healthcare organizations face great demands as the proportion of the elderly is increasing. Assistant nurses account for the majority of practical patient care and as a result, they are experiencing negative working conditions. As a consequence, the Western region in Sweden especially, is dealing with high levels of sick-leaves. The aim of the present study was therefore to gain a deeper understanding of assistant nurses’ experiences of working conditions. Qualitative phenomenological method together with semi-structured interviews was adopted. Ten assistant nurses in one municipality participated. The interviews were transcribed and coded based on qualitative thematic analysis.

Three themes and eight thematic categories emerged: Working tasks (practical working tasks, social working tasks, invisible tasks), Organization (formal organization, informal organization, re-organisation), and Well-being (increasing well-being, decreasing wellbeing). The social psychological theories underlying the theoretical part of the analysis were Social Exchange Theory and Group Psychology.

The result showed that experiences of working conditions to a large extent were connected to social relations, both within the working group and between healthcare providers and care-recipients. Working tasks were less prominent as far as the creation of meaning about what affects well-being within the profession.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 47
Keywords [en]
Assistant nurses, elderly care, phenomenology, group psychology, social exchange theory
Keywords [sv]
Undersköterskor, äldreomsorg, fenomenologi, gruppsykologi, social utbytesteori
National Category
Social Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15900OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15900DiVA, id: diva2:1229520
Subject / course
Social Psychology
Educational program
Social Psychology - Study Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-08-13 Created: 2018-06-30 Last updated: 2018-08-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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