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Neural correlates of focused attention and open monitoring meditation
Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för biovetenskap.
2018 (Engelska)Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
Abstract [en]

Meditation, used initially as a vehicle for self-discovery and attainment of enlightenment, is today a tool for well-being among the general public and has even found its way into the clinical milieu. Meditation is challenging term to define and the variety of meditation practices, all with their own aims, pose a problem in terms of scientific understanding. A better sense of how these practices compare will help both general public and neuroscientists. Here, two of the fundamental practices originating from Buddhist tradition, focused attention (FA) and open monitoring (OM) meditation are compared. FA meditation activates mainly right medial/lateral PFC, parts of the limbic system and ACC. These regions help with sustaining attention and monitoring goal-conflicting distractors. FA deactivates parts of the default mode network (DMN), responsible for non-task specific processes and mind wandering. OM meditation reduces pain by top-down regulation of the limbic system. OM engages left fronto-parietal and insular regions, which help with conscious access of thoughts and emotions. OM seems to affect parts of the DMN. The thalamus is involved in both practices, where it helps to relay sensory signals in accordance with the different aims of each practice. This thesis hopes to contribute to a better understanding of how two main categories of meditation compare concerning their neural correlates.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2018. , s. 36
Nyckelord [en]
Meditation, focused attention, open monitoring, mindfulness, activations, deactivations
Nationell ämneskategori
Neurovetenskaper
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-15474OAI: oai:DiVA.org:his-15474DiVA, id: diva2:1215569
Ämne / kurs
Kognitiv neurovetenskap
Utbildningsprogram
Psykologisk coach
Handledare
Examinatorer
Tillgänglig från: 2018-06-11 Skapad: 2018-06-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-11Bibliografiskt granskad

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Kuzbiel, Dawid
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